Quotes on Climate Change, Environment, and Energy

The following list of more than 450 quotes and headlines was developed from my two books and is provided as a resource. Original sources are stated whenever possible.  Quotes are grouped into 29 categories below.  However, a given quote may apply to more than one category, but has only been listed once.  From time to time, new quotes will be added in red.  Thanks to many who are contributing to this list.

Atmospheric CO2, Greenhouse Effect

If the atmosphere was a 100 story building, our anthropogenic CO2 contribution today would be equivalent to the linoleum on the first floor. By comparison, water vapor, a far more potent greenhouse gas, on average would occupy on average one floor and at times, especially in the tropics, up to four floors.     —Dr. Joseph, D’Aleo, Icecap web site, Aug. 15, 2007

“High resolution records from Antarctic ice cores show that carbon dioxide concentrations increased…600±400 years after the warming…”     —Dr. Hubertus Fischer et al., Science, 1999

“Al Gore likes to say that mankind puts 70 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every day. What he probably doesn’t know is that mother nature puts 24,000 times that amount of our main greenhouse gas—water vapor—into the atmosphere every day and removes about the same amount every day. While this does not ‘prove’ that global warming is not man-made, it shows that weather systems have by far the greatest control over the Earth’s greenhouse effect, which is dominated by water vapor and clouds.”     —Dr. Roy Spencer website, “Global Warming and Nature’s Thermostat,” January 28, 2008

“With each passing year, experimental observations further undermine the claim of a large positive feedback from water. In fact, observations suggest that the feedback is close to zero or may even be negative.”    —Dr. William Happer, statement before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, Feb. 25, 2009

“The fundamental reason why carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is critically important to biology is that there is so little of it. A field of corn growing in full sunlight in the middle of the day uses up all the carbon dioxide within a meter of the ground in about five minutes. If the air were not constantly stirred by convection currents and winds, the corn would stop growing.”     —Dr. Freeman Dyson, Edge website, Aug. 8, 2007

“…the global surface albedo [surface whiteness] and greenhouse gas changes account for practically the entire global climate change.”     —Dr. James Hansen, Storms of My Grandchildren: The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity, 2009, p. 49

“…the contribution of greenhouse gases to the Vostok temperature changes can be…between a lower estimate of 40% and a higher estimate of 65%.”     —Dr. Claude Lorius et al., Nature, Sep. 13, 1990

“About fifty million years ago…geological evidence indicates CO2 levels were several thousand ppm, much higher than now. And life flourished abundantly.”     —Dr. William Happer, First Things, June/July 2011

Carbon Taxes, Trading, and Business

If other countries don’t impose a cost on carbon, then we will be at a disadvantage…we would look at considering perhaps duties that would offset that cost.”     —Dr. Steven Chu, US Energy Secretary, The Wall Street Journal, Mar. 18, 2009

“Chinese steelmakers enjoy unfair advantage in global trade due to the lack of enforcement of exceptionally weak pollution standards.”     —Scott Paul, Executive Director of the Alliance for American Manufacturing, Reuters, Mar. 23, 2009

“The Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is supposed to be the EU’s main policy tool for reducing emissions. But so far, it has been an embarrassing failure. In its first phase of operation, more permits to pollute have been printed than there is pollution. The price of carbon has collapsed to almost zero, creating no incentive to reduce pollution. Across the EU, emissions from installations covered by the ETS actually rose by 0.8%     —Open Europe web site, Aug. 2007

“But to truly transform our economy, protect our security, and save our planet from the ravages of climate change, we need to ultimately make clean, renewable energy the profitable kind of energy. So I ask this Congress to send me legislation that places a market-based cap on carbon pollution and drives the production of more renewable energy in America.”     —Barack Obama, US President, remarks to joint session of Congress, Feb. 24, 2009

“He [Al Gore] impressed us all at Deutsche Bank Asset Management. We invited him to an internal meeting in April 2007 during which we discussed the issue of climate change extensively. A few months later, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his commitment. We then created a fund that invests in companies that position themselves as climate-neutral. Within two months almost 10 billion dollars flowed into this fund. Can you imagine? 10 billion! There has never been such an overwhelming success.”     —Kevin Parker, Director of Global Asset Management, Deutsche Bank, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Nov. 15, 2010

“If we change the way the electricity sector operates, we can bring down our levels of carbon pollution, and continue the crucial task of tackling climate change. Putting a price on carbon would do this.”     —Julia Gillard, Australian Prime Minister, Sydney Morning Herald National Times, Nov. 17, 2010

“The evidence is overwhelming that manufacturers are creating excess HFC-23 simply to destroy it and earn carbon credits.”     —Mark Roberts, Environmental Investigation Agency, Huffington Post, Oct. 21, 2010

“Denmark Rife with CO2 Fraud”    The Copenhagen Post, Dec. 1, 2009

“Australians to Punish Carbon Tax Criticism—’…the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, which this week issued warnings to businesses that they will face whopping fines of up to $1.1m if they blame the carbon tax for price rises.’”     —US Action News, Nov. 17, 2011

“China Threatens Massive Venting of Super Greenhouse Gases in Attempt to Extort Billions as UNFCCC Meeting approaches—’China has responded to efforts to ban the trading of widely discredited HFC-23 offsets by threatening to release huge amounts of the potent industrial chemical into the atmosphere unless other nations pay what amounts to a climate ransom.’”     PR Newswire, Nov. 8, 2011

“One fifth of every industrial company has moved activities to foreign countries, or plans to do so, because of the uncertain energy and raw material supply.”     —German Chamber of Commerce and Industry, European Institute for Climate and Energy web site, Jan. 20, 2012

Climate Change, General

“Nature, not human activity, rules the climate.”    —Dr. S. Fred Singer, presentation to the University of Virginia, Sep., 2008

“…what we are talking about is extended world war…People would move on a massive scale. Hundreds of millions, probably billions of people would have to move…”    —Lord Nicholas Stern, Associated Press, Feb. 21, 2009

“Climatism is the belief that man-made greenhouse gases are destroying Earth’s climate.”     —Steve Goreham, Climatism! Science, Common Sense, and the 21st Century’s Hottest Topic, p. 1

“…the combustion of fossil fuel…is likely to prove beneficial to mankind in several ways…For instance…small increases of mean temperature would be important at the northern margin of cultivation and the growth of…plants is directly proportional to the carbon dioxide pressure.”     —Guy Stewart Callendar, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 1938

“Thus, human beings are now carrying out a large scale geophysical experiment of the kind that could not have happened in the past…Within a few centuries we are returning to the atmosphere and oceans the concentrated organic carbon stored in sedimentary rocks over hundreds of millions of years.”     —Dr. Roger Revelle, Tellus IX, 1957

“Controlling carbon is a bureaucrat’s dream. If you control carbon, you control life.”     —Dr. Richard Lindzen, 1992

“Climatism is the exploitation of the fear of nature to gain power, wealth, and social esteem.”     —Vinod Dar, July 24, 2008

“In my view, climate change is the most severe problem that we are facing today, more serious even than the threat of terrorism.”     —Sir David King, former science advisor to Tony Blair, Science, Jan. 9, 2004

“I sometimes wish we could have, over the next five or ten years, a lot of horrid things happening—you know, like tornadoes in the Midwest and so forth—that would get people very concerned about climate change.”     —Thomas Schelling, Economist, Atlantic Wire, July 13, 2009

“…a magical CO2 knob for controlling weather and climate simply does not exist!”     —Dr. Willie Soon, presentation at the International Conference on Climate Change, June 2, 2009

“What the current publication process has evolved into, at the detriment of proper scientific investigation, is the publication of untested (and often untestable) hypotheses…This is the  main reason that the policy community is being significantly misinformed about the actual status of our understanding of the climate system and the role of humans within it.”     —Dr. Roger Pielke Sr., Climate Science website, June 4, 2009

“I have no doubt that…a trend of global warming exists. I am not sure that it is fair to say that it is a problem we must wrestle with. To assume that it is a problem is to assume that the state of Earth’s climate today is the optimal climate, the best climate that we could have or ever have had and that we need to take steps to make sure that it doesn’t change…I think that’s a rather arrogant position for people to take.”     —Michael Griffin, NASA administrator, National Public Radio, May 31, 2007

“Global warming is part of natural cycle and there’s nothing we can actually do to stop these cycles. The world is now facing spending a vast amount of money in tax to try to solve a problem that doesn’t actually exist.”    —Dr. David Bellamy, Daily Express, Nov. 5, 2008

“There is no convincing scientific evidence that human release of carbon dioxide, methane, or other greenhouse gases is causing or will in the foreseeable future, cause catastrophic heating of the Earth’s atmosphere and disruption of the Earth’s climate. Moreover, there is substantial scientific evidence that increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide produce many beneficial effects upon the natural plant and animal environments of the Earth.”    —Global Warming Petition Project, signed by more than 31,000 US scientists and engineers, including over 9,000 PhDs, Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine website

“Climate change is…a gross injustice—poor people in developing countries bear over 90% of the burden—through death, disease, destitution and financial loss—yet are least responsible for creating the problem. Despite this, funding from rich countries to help the poor and vulnerable adapt to climate change is not even 1 percent of what is needed.”     —Barbara Stocking, CEO of Oxfam GB, Global Humanitarian Forum, May 29, 2009

“In a sense the U.S. is climate illiterate. If you look at global polls about what the public knows about climate change even in Brazil, China you have more people who know about the problem and think deep cuts in emission are needed.”    —Dr. Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, Potsdam Institute for Climate Change, Telegraph, Sep. 28, 2009

“…the climate hysteria created and perpetuated by Western government officials has opened Pandora’s Box. What looked to be a valuable policy tool for green protectionism is now threatening to unleash political chaos and economic misery on its creators and their nations. Climate alarmism has turned into a Frankenstein monster that threatens to devour its own designers. I can’t see why Africa and other developing nations should be ready to refrain from demanding hundreds of billions of dollars in reparations given that Nicholas Stern and other green campaigners and government officials claim that the West is liable for current and future climate disasters.”     —Dr. Benny Peiser, CCNET, Sep. 4, 2009

“According to a new UN report, the global warming outlook is much worse than originally predicted. Which is pretty bad, when they originally predicted it would destroy the planet.”     —Jay Leno, comedian

“The world hasn’t ended, but the world as we know it has—even if we don’t quite know it yet.”  —Bill McKibben, Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet, 2010, p. 2

“Climate change is a result of the greatest market failure the world has seen…We risk damages on a scale larger than the two world wars of the last century.”     —Sir Nicholas Stern, Guardian, Nov. 29, 2007

“One problem facing humanity is now so urgent that, unless it is resolved in the next two decades, it will destroy our global civilization: the climate crisis.”     —Dr. Tim Flannery, Now or Never: Why We Must Act Now to End Climate Change and Create a Sustainable Future, 2009, p. 14

“There’s no happy ending where we prevent climate change any more. Now the question is, is it going to be a miserable century or an impossible one, and what comes after that.”     —Bill McKibben, The New York Times, Dec. 5, 2010

“We recognize the scientific consensus that global warming is real and is largely being caused by humans. We further recognize the need to reduce the global emission of greenhouse gases by 80% by mid-century at the latest, in order to avert the worst impacts of global warming and to reestablish the more stable climatic conditions that have made human progress over the last 10,000 years possible.”     —President’s Climate Commitment, signed by presidents and chancellors of more than 650 US colleges and universities, 2012

“Each gallon of gasoline we burn emits between 24 and 28 pounds of carbon dioxide—the most common greenhouse gas—into the atmosphere.”     —Sierra Club website, 2011

“Because the idea of climate change is so plastic, it can be deployed across many of our human projects and can serve many of our psychological, ethical and spiritual needs…We need to ask not what we can do for climate change, but to ask what climate change can do for us.”    —Dr. Mike Hulme, Why We Disagree About Climate Change: Understanding Controversy, Inaction and Opportunity, 2009, p. 341

“But one must say clearly that we redistribute de facto the world’s wealth by climate policy…One has to free oneself from the illusion that international climate policy is environmental policy any more.”    —Ottmar Edenhofer, Co-chair of IPCC WG III, New American, Nov. 19, 2010

“Evidence of warming is not evidence that the cause is anthropogenic.”     —Dr. S. Fred Singer, “Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate,” 2008

“Climate has been changing for billions of years.”     —Dr. Buzz Aldrin, astronaut, Telegraph, July 3, 2009

“Simple physics says that if I drop a ball and a feather they will fall at the same rate. In reality, my feather blew up into a tree. It is not that the simple law is false, just that there are a number of other simple laws opposing it. In the case of climate we don’t even know what some of these other laws are, so we can’t explain what we see.”     —Dr. David Wojick, Judith Curry web site, Dec. 12, 2010

“You can no longer say that the climate of the future is going to be like the climate of today, let alone yesterday.”     —Judi Greenwald, Pew Center on Climate Change, Newsweek, May 29, 2011

“If we want a good environmental policy in the future, we’ll have to have a disaster.”     —Sir John Houghton, former co-chairman of the IPCC, Sunday Telegraph, Oct. 9, 1995

“The onset of more severe climate impacts overseas may also open up temporary opportunities, or ‘policy windows.’ These would allow legislators the licence to take specific bold actions which they ordinarily believe would not otherwise be possible or politically acceptable…In effect, envisaged solutions can become rapidly translated into practical options for action following a major disaster or near-miss.”     —Sir John Beddington, Head of the UK Government Office of Science, “International Dimensions of Climate Change,” 2011

“CO2 is Green!”     —Leighton Steward web site, 2011

“Everything on our dinner table—the meat, cheese, salad, bread, and soft drink—requires carbon dioxide to be there. For those of you who believe that carbon dioxide is a pollutant, we have a special diet: water and salt!”     —Joanne Nova, radio interview with Mark Gillar, April 15, 2010

“On one hand, as scientists we are ethically bound to the scientific method, in effect promising to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but—which means that we must include all the doubts, the caveats, the ifs, ands, and buts. On the other hand, we are not just scientists but human beings as well. And like most people we’d like to see the world a better place, which in this context translates into our working to reduce the risk of potentially disastrous climatic change. To do that we need to get some broad-based support, to capture the public’s imagination. That, of course, entails getting loads of media coverage. So we have to offer up scary scenarios, make simplified, dramatic statements, and make little mention of any doubts we might have. This ‘double ethical bind’ we frequently find ourselves in cannot be solved by any formula. Each of us has to decide what is the right balance between being effective and being honest.”     —Dr. Stephen Schneider, former IPCC Coordinating Lead Author, APS Online, Aug./Sep. 1996

“The transformation towards a low-carbon society is therefore as much an ethical imperative as the abolition of slavery and the condemnation of child labor.”     —The German Advisory Council on Global Change, “World in Transition: A Social Contract for Sustainability,” Mar. 2011

“…Was it because a lot of the heat went into melting Arctic sea ice or parts of Greenland and Antarctica, and other glaciers? Was it because the heat was buried in the ocean and sequestered, perhaps well below the surface?…Perhaps all of these things are going on?”     —Dr. Kevin Trenberth, ScienceDirect, 2009

“Every once in a while I feel despair over the fate of the planet. If you’ve been following climate science, you know what I mean: the sense that we’re hurtling toward catastrophe but nobody wants to hear about it or do anything to avert it.”     —Paul Krugman, The New York Times, Sep. 28, 2009

“As University of California physicist John Holdren has said, it is possible that carbon-dioxide climate-induced famines could kill as many as a billion people before the year 2020.”     —Dr. Paul Ehrlich about Dr. John Holdren, The Machinery of Nature: The Living World Around Us—And How It Works, 1986, p. 274

Climategate

“Well, I have my own article on where the heck is global warming?…The fact is that we can’t account for the lack of warming at the moment and it is a travesty that we can’t.”     —Dr. Kevin Trenberth, IPCC Lead Author, disclosed Climate gate e-mail, Oct. 12, 2009

“…We have 25 or so years invested in the work. Why should I make the data available to you, when your aim is to try to find something wrong with it…”    —Dr. Phil Jones, Director of the Climate Research Unit at East Anglia University, email to Warwick Hughes, 2004 

“I’m getting hassled by a couple of people to release the CRU station temperature data. Don’t any of you three tell anybody that the UK has a Freedom of Information Act.”     —Dr. Phil Jones, Director of the Climatic Research Unit, disclosed Climategate e-mail, Feb. 21, 2005

“…it would be nice to try to ‘contain’ the putative ‘MWP’ [Medieval Warm Period]…”     —Dr. Michael Mann, IPCC Lead Author, disclosed Climategate e-mail, June 4, 2003

“I know there is pressure to present a nice tidy story as regards ‘apparent unprecedented warming in a thousand years or more in the proxy data’ but in reality the situation is no quite so simple.”     —Dr. Keith Briffa, Climatic Research Unit, disclosed Climategate e-mail, Sep. 22, 1999

“Keith’s [Briffa] series…differs in large part in exactly the opposite direction that Phil’s [Jones] does from ours. This is the problem we all picked up on (everyone in the room at IPCC was in agreement that this was a problem and a potential distraction/detraction from the reasonably consensus viewpoint we’d like to show w/ the Jones et al and Mann et al series).”     —Dr. Michael Mann, IPCC Lead Author, disclosed Climategate e-mail, Sep. 22, 1999

“I’ve just completed Mike’s [Mann] Nature trick of adding in the real temps to each series for the last 20 years (i.e. from 1981 onwards) and from 1961 for Keith’s [Briffa] to hide the decline.”     —Dr. Phil Jones, Director of the Climatic Research Unit, disclosed Climategate e-mail, Nov. 16, 1999

“Also we have applied a completely artificial adjustment to the data after 1960, so they look closer to observed temperatures than the tree-ring data actually were…”     —Dr. Tim Osborn, Climatic Research Unit, disclosed Climategate e-mail, Dec. 20, 2006

“We, therefore, do not hold the original raw data but only the value-added (i.e. quality controlled and homogenized) data.”     —Climatic Research Unit web site, the world’s leading provider of global temperature data, admitting that it can’t produce the original thermometer data, 2011

“…I can’t see either of these papers being in the next IPCC report. Kevin [Trenberth] and I will keep them out somehow, even if we have to redefine what the peer-review literature is!”     —Phil Jones, Director of the Climatic Research Unit, disclosed Climategate e-mail, July 8, 2004

“…the evidence we have seen does not suggest that Professor Jones was trying to subvert the peer review process.”     —House of Commons Science and Technology Committee, Mar. 24, 2010

“Mike [Mann], can you delete an e-mails you may have had with Keith [Trenberth] re AR4? Keith will do likewise…Can you also e-mail Gene and get him to do the same? I don’t have his e-mail address…We will be getting Caspar to do likewise.”     —Dr. Phil Jones, Director of the Climatic Research Unit, disclosed Climategate e-mail, May 29, 2008

“…we find that their rigor and honesty as scientists are not in doubt…we did not find any behaviour that might undermine the conclusions of the IPCC assessments…But we do find that there has been a consistent pattern of failing to display the proper degree of openness…”      —Statement of the Russell Inquiry, regarding the Climategate e-mails, July 2010

“…If you look at the attached plot you will see that the land also shows the 1940s warming blip (as I’m sure you know). So, if we could reduce the ocean blip by, say 0.15 deg C, then this would be significant for the global mean—but we’d still have to explain the land blip…”     —Dr. Tom Wigley, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, on adjusting global temperature data, disclosed Climategate e-mail to Phil Jones, Sep. 28, 2008

“On the allegation of withholding temperature data, we find that CRU was not in a position to withhold access to such data or tamper with it.”     —Muir Russell Review, regarding the Climategate e-mails, July, 2010

“The world still awaits a proper inquiry into climategate: one that is not stacked with global warming advocates and one that is prepared to cross-examine evidence, interview critics as well as supporters of the CRU and other IPCC players, and follow the evidence where it clearly leads.”     —Dr. Ross McKitrick, “Understanding the Climategate Inquiries,” Sep. 2010

“Over 2.5 billion people live on less than $2 a day. Every day nearly 16,000 children die from hunger or related causes. One dollar can save a life—the opposite must also be true. Poverty is a death sentence. Nations must invest $37 trillion in energy technologies by 2030 to stabilize their greenhouse gas emissions at sustainable levels. Today’s decisions must be made on all information we can get, not on hiding the decline.”     —Context statement provided in second release of Climategate e-mails, Nov. 22, 2011

“I gave up on Judith Curry a while ago. I don’t know what she thinks she’s doing, but it’s not helping the cause, or her professional credibility.”     —Dr. Michael Mann, IPCC Lead Author, disclosed Climategate e-mail, May 30, 2008

“By the way, when is Tom C [Crowley] going to formally publish his roughly 1500 year reconstruction??? It would help the cause to be able to refer to that reconstruction as confirming Mann and Jones, etc.”     —Dr. Michael Mann, IPCC Lead Author, disclosed Climategate e-mail, Aug. 3, 2004

“You might want to check with the IPCC Bureau. I’ve been told that IPCC is above national FOI Acts. One way to cover yourself and all those working in AR5 [the upcoming IPCC Fifth Assessment Report] would be to delete all e-mails at the end of the process. Hard to do, as not everybody will remember it.”     —Dr. Phil Jones, Director of the Climatic Research Unit, on avoiding Freedom of Information requirements, disclosed Climategate e-mail, May 12, 2009

“The e-mails are mainly about a controversy over a particular data set and the ways a particular small group of scientists have displayed that dataset.”     —Dr. John Holdren, US Director of Science and Technology Policy, testimony before the US House of Representatives, Dec. 2, 2009

Energy, Biofuels

“America is addicted to oil…We must also change how we power our automobiles. We will increase our research in better batteries for hybrid and electric cars and in pollution-free cars that run on hydrogen. We will also fund additional research in cutting-edge methods of producing ethanol, not just from corn but from wood chips and stalks or switch grass.”     —George W. Bush, former US president, State of the Union address, 2006

“Don’t burn food!”     —Dennis Avery, presentation at the International Conference on Climate Change, Mar. 2008

“I set a goal to replace oil from around the world. The best way and the fastest way to do so is to expand the use of ethanol…the use of ethanol in automobiles is good for the agricultural sector…Ethanol is good for rural communities…Ethanol is good for the environment…And ethanol’s good for drivers. Ethanol is home-grown. Ethanol will replace gasoline consumption. Ethanol’s good for the whole country.     —George W. Bush, former US president, Washington Post, Apr. 26, 2006

“I am convinced that one of the greatest challenges of our time is climate change…Today we declared that we want to work together in several key areas related to climate change and energy. Therefore we have developed a common framework—which includes biofuels…The Americans have an ambitious goal of introducing 20 percent biofuels. The European Union has set itself the goal of 15 percent. We can collaborate here.”     —Angela Merkel, German Chancellor, address in Washington, D.C., Apr. 30, 2007

“Alligator Fat as a New Source of Biodiesel Fuel”     Bio Fuel Daily, Oct. 28, 2011

“It is estimated that the EU would need to convert about 70% of its agricultural land to provide 10% of its energy need.”     —UN Food and Agriculture Organization on biofuel for vehicles in Europe, “Food Outlook, Global Market Analysis,” June 2006

“Rapidly growing demand for biofuel feedstocks has contributed to higher food prices, which pose an immediate threat to the food security of poor net food buyers (in value terms) in both urban and rural areas.”     —UN Food and Agriculture Organization, “Biofuels, Prospects, Risks, and Opportunities,” 2008

“…production and use of ethanol as fuel to displace gasoline is likely to increase such air pollutants as particulate matter, ozone, and sulfur oxides.”     —National Research Council of the National Academies, 2011

“We’re making new investments in the development of gasoline and diesel and jet fuel that’s actually made from a plant-like substance—algae…we could replace up to 17 percent of the oil we import for transportation with this fuel that we can grow right here in America.”     —Barack Obama, US president, The Washington Times, Feb. 24, 2012

“We’re gonna be using American produced, American energy that will create jobs in the United States, will create a far more secure source of energy for us and will make us better environmental stewards because we will be contributing less to climate change and burning much cleaner fuel.”     —Ray Mabus, US Secretary of the Navy, on the use of biofuels, US Navy web site, 2012 

Energy, Hydrocarbon Fuels

“There is enough oil in the ground to deep-fry the lot of us, and no obvious means to prevail upon governments and industry to leave it in the ground.”     —George Monbiot, UK journalist, Guardian, July 2, 2012

“Coal is a portable climate.”     —Ralph Waldo Emerson, US author, 1860

“The trains carrying coal to power plants are death trains. Coal-fired power plants are factories of death.”     —Dr. James Hansen, The Observer, Feb. 15, 2009

“…world oil production has peaked in 2006…The world is at the beginning of a structural change of its economic system. This change will be triggered by declining fossil fuel supplies and will influence almost all aspects of our daily life.”     —Dr. Werner Zittel, Energy Watch Group, Oct. 2007

“Although it is impossible to predict the future, extrapolating present trends…leads to ‘The Perfect Storm’ sometime in the next decade. At the tipping point, oil prices exceed the pain tolerance of a sufficient number of global consumers, causing economies to roll over into severe recession.”     —Dave Cohen, Association for the Study of Peak Oil website, Oct. 31, 2007

“…the amazing exhibition of oil which has characterized the last twenty years, and will probably characterize the next ten or twenty years, is nevertheless, not only geologically but historically, a temporary and vanishing phenomenon…”     —J.P Lesley, State Geologist of Pennsylvania (1886), quoted in Standard Oil Company (Indiana): Oil Pioneer of the Middle West by Paul Giddens, 1955, p.2

“It is unsafe to rest in the assurance that plenty of petroleum will be found in the future merely because it has been in the past.”     —L. Schneider and B. Brooks, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 1936, quoted in Edward Porter, “Are We Running Out of Oil,” American Petroleum Institute discussion paper #81, Dec. 1995

“Natural gas is an ideal fuel, but one that is in short supply…If consumption of natural gas continues at the present rate and exploration does not pick up, the United States may burn its last molecule of domestic natural gas within 20 years.”     —Allen Hammond, Energy and the Future, 1973, p. vi

“Prominent exploration experts have recently predicted that total world production of liquid oil will peak by about the end of this decade—or a few years later if production does not rise much—and will decline thereafter.     —Amory Levins, World Energy Strategies: Facts, Issues, and Options, 1975, p. 26

“Oil production should peak out around the world in the early 1990s…That means in five years’ time we may have chewed up most of the possibility of further expansion of oil production.”     —James Schlesinger, former US Energy Secretary, Time Magazine, Apr. 25, 1977

“Gas lines and rapid increases in oil prices during the first half of 1979 are but symptoms of the underlying oil supply problem—that is, the world can no longer count on increases in oil production to meet its energy needs.”     —US Central Intelligence Agency, “The World Oil Market in the Years Ahead,” Aug. 1979

“Civilization as we know it will come to an end sometime in this century unless we can find a way to live without fossil fuels.”     —Dr. David Goodstein, Out of Gas: The End of the Age of Oil, 2004, p. 123

“We are in a second world oil crisis. But in the 1970s the problem was a shortage of oil. This time around the problem is that we have too much.     —Greenpeace, 2000, quoted by Bjorn Lomborg, The Skeptical Environmentalist, 2001, p. 258

“…shale gas offers no meaningful potential as even a transition fuel. Moreover, any significant and early development of the industry is likely to prove either economically unwise or risk jeopardising the UK’s international reputation on climate change.”     —John Broderick, et al., Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Nov. 2011

“The real problem is that there may be too much fossil fuel, not too little.”    —Dr. Dieter Helm, Guardian, Oct. 18, 2011

“We are not running out of oil and gas. We are running into oil and gas. Predictions of peak oil and gas are not only being made for the wrong year and decade, but also for the wrong century.”     —Dr. Robert Bradley, Institute for Energy Research web site, July 7, 2011

Energy, Wind and Solar

“All the energy stored in Earth’s reserves of coal, oil, and natural gas is matched by the energy from just 20 days of sunshine.”     —Union of Concerned Scientists website, 2010

“Every minute the sun bathes the Earth in as much energy as the world consumes in an entire year.”    —US Department of Energy web site, 2010

“Solar Power Seen Meeting 20% of Needs by 2000; Carter May Seek Outlay Boost”     —Walter Mossberg, The Wall Street Journal, Aug. 22, 1978

“By the year 2000, such renewable energy sources could provide 40 percent of the global energy budget; by 2025, humanity could obtain 75 percent of its energy from solar resources.”     —Denis Hayes, Rays of Hope: The Transition to a Post-Petroleum World, 1977, p. 155

“Within a few decades…the United States might get 30% of its electricity from sunshine”…”     —Christopher Flavin, Worldwatch Institute, 1990, quoted by Howard Hayden, The Solar Fraud: Why Solar Energy Won’t Run the World, 2005, p. 49

“The private sector can be expected to develop improved solar and wind technologies which will begin to become competitive and self-supporting on a national level by the end of the decade if assisted by federally sponsored R&D.”    —Booz, Allen & Hamilton, 1983, quoted in “Will renewables become cost-competitive anytime soon?”, Institute for Energy Research web site, Apr. 1, 2009

“…the consensus as far as I can see is after the year 2000, somewhere between 10 and 20 percent of our energy could come from solar technologies, quite easily.”     —Scott Sklar, Solar Energy Industries Association, 1986, quoted by Robert Bradley in “Getting Real: The Oil Major Move Away from Political Energy,” MasterResource web site, Apr. 9, 2009

“The point is that solar energy is dilute, and no amount of research of technology can change that fact. Nor, for that matter, can a well-funded crash program make the sun shine at night…Solar energy…is utterly inadequate to meet present needs, let alone to grow as demand increases.”     —Dr. Howard Hayden, The Solar Fraud: Why Solar Energy Won’t Run the World, 2005, p. VI and p. 12

“The intermittent nature of wind turbines…means they can replace only a little of the capacity of fossil fuel and nuclear power plants if security of supply is to be maintained. Investment in renewable generation capacity will therefore largely be in addition to, rather than replacement for, the massive investment in fossil fuel and nuclear plant required…”     —UK House of Lords, “The Economics of Renewable Energy,” Nov. 25, 2008

“Without the renewable obligation certificates nobody would be building wind farms. This is the balance we are trying to strike: protecting the environment and the cost of building wind farms.”     —Paul Golby, CEO of EON UK, Daily Telegraph, Mar. 26, 2005

“To build a power plant and run lines to houses, to huts, to anything is a tremendous amount of work…how about…just giving them the service where they need it—on the roof of their hut.”     —Ed Begley, Jr., actor and environmentalist, regarding energy for Africa, MSNBC, Jan. 4, 2007

“The study calculates that the programs creating those jobs also resulted in the destruction of nearly 113,000 jobs elsewhere in the economy, or 2.2 jobs destroyed for every ‘green job’ created.”     —Dr. Gabriel Calzada Alverez, report on Spain’s renewable energy initiative, March 2009

“The very fact that the wind power system, that has been imposed so expensively upon the consumers, can not and does not achieve the simple objectives for which it was built, should be warning the energy establishment, at all levels, of the considerable gap between aspiration and reality. Denmark needs a proper debate and a thorough re-appraisal…before forcing the country into a venture that shows high risk of tuning into an economic black hole.”     —Hugh Sharman, “Wind Energy—The Case of Denmark,” Sep. 2009

“…Denmark should be a green and sustainable society with a visionary climate and energy policy…The answer to these challenges lies in the way we produce and consume energy and in our ability to adapt our society to climate change.”     —Connie Hedegaard, Denmark Minister for Climate and Energy, Energinet web site, 2010

“…between 881 and 1,300 raptors are killed annually in the APWRA. For all birds combined, that number is estimated at between 1,766 and 4,721…Among these, researchers estimate that the APWRA turbines are annually killing 75 to 116 golden eagles, 209 to 300 red-tailed hawks, 73 to 333 American kestrels, and 99 to 380 burrowing owls.”     —California Energy Commission report on birds killed by wind turbines in the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area, Aug., 2004

“The more overall generation capacity becomes dependent on the wind, the greater the risks posed by its intermittent nature—which leads to higher costs.”     Open Europe, “The EU Climate Action and Renewable Energy Package: Are we about to be locked into the wrong policy?” Oct. 2008

“The wind and the sun are free.”    —Al Gore, former US Vice President, Repower America website, 2009

“Solyndra Files for Bankruptcy, Looks for Buyer—’A California solar panel manufacturer that received more than a half-billion dollars in government loan guarantees filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy…’”     Business Week, Sep. 6, 2011

“To produce solar power in Germany is a sensible as to grow pineapples in Alaska.”     —Juergen Grossman, CEO of energy utility RWE, Fuldaer Zeitung, Jan. 21, 2012

“Everything will be solar in 30 years.”     —Ralph Nader, consumer advocate, 1978, quoted by Howard Hayden, The Solar Fraud: Why Solar Energy Won’t Run the World, 2005, p.48

“Wind Brings Down Turbine—’The eco-dream of a village school turned into a Friday 13th nightmare when high winds destroyed their wind turbine…Thank God it happened when the children were not out on the field.’”     New Quay Voice, Dec. 2, 2009

“The grid is going to be a very different system in 2020, 2030. We keep thinking that we want it to be there and provide power when we need it…Families will have to get used to only using power when it was available, rather than constantly.”     —Steve Holliday, CEO UK National Grid, ERCOT News Release, May 12, 2010

“By directly reducing the use of fossil fuels, wind energy significantly reduces the emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and other harmful pollutants.”     —American Wind Energy Association, “20% Wind Energy by 2030: Wind, Backup Power, and Emissions,” 2012

“The duty cycle for intermittent renewable wind and solar is not operator controlled, but dependent upon the weather or solar cycle…as a result, their levelized costs are not directly comparable to those of other technologies…”     —US Department of Energy, Annual Energy Outlook 2011, Nov. 2010

“Wind Farm Revolts Blamed for Dramatic Fall in Planning Approvals—’Local revolts by British residents against wind farms are to blame for the number of planning approvals hitting record lows…’”     Telegraph, Oct. 28, 2010

“We’ve tried so hard to be eco-friendly, but now we can turn it on.”     —Stuart McLeod, Headteacher at the Southwell Community Primary School in Portland, England, commenting on the school’s bird-killing wind turbine, Telegraph, Jul. 4, 2010 

Energy, Other

“If you ask me, it’d be little short of disastrous for us to discover a source of clean, cheap, abundant energy because of what we would do with it.”     —Amory Lovins, environmentalist, Mother Earth News, Nov.-Dec. 1977

“Giving society cheap, abundant energy would be the equivalent of giving an idiot child a machine gun.”     —Dr. Paul Ehrlich, Anne Ehrlich, and Dr. John Holdren, Ecoscience: Population, Resources, Environment, 1970, p. 323

“The prospect of cheap fusion energy is the worst thing that could happen to the planet.”     —Jeremy Rifkin, environmentalist, Los Angeles Times, Apr. 19, 1989

“Because saturation levels for most major appliances are achieved only minor increases in electricity consumption [will] occur.”     —Union of Concerned Scientists, “Energy Strategy,” 1980

“Many analysts now regard modest, zero, or negative growth in our rate of energy use as a realistic long-term goal.”     —Amory Lovins, environmentalist, “Energy Strategy, The Road Not Taken,” Nov. 1977

“Efficiency may curtail [energy] demand in the short term, for the specific task at hand. But its long-term impact is just the opposite…efficiency fails to curb demand because it lets more people do more, and do it faster—and more/more/faster invariably swamps all the efficiency gains.”     —Peter Huber and Mark Mills, The Bottomless Well: The Twilight of Fuel, the Virtue of Waste, and Why We Will Never Run Out of Energy, 2005, p. 111-112

“With a new national commitment, our scientists and engineers will overcome obstacles to taking these [hydrogen fuel cell] cars from laboratory to showroom, so that the first car driven by a child born today could be powered by hydrogen, and pollution-free.”     —George W. Bush, former US president, White House press release, 2003

“The framework recommends the adoption of measures to stimulate RETs [renewable energy technologies] such as obligations on the electricity industry to purchase renewable energy, supply a certain proportion of their energy from renewable sources and the development of a guaranteed market…”      —Institute for Environmental Security, “Renewable Energy for Africa,” May, 2009

“To block the construction of centralized power projects, as not being ‘appropriate’ or ‘sustainable’ is to condemn billions of people to continued poverty and disease—and millions to premature death.”     —Paul Driessen, Eco-Imperialism: Green Power, Black Death, 2003, p. 42

“…it is true that renewable energy is expensive and can’t be done without public sector support, it is an important investment in the future.”     —Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, former Prime Minister of Spain, Financial Times, June 4, 2008

“In a few years, you should be able to plug your American-made plug-in hybrid into the outlet in your garage, so that you never use a drop of gas on your daily commute. This won’t happen overnight, but I promise you, it is closer than you think.”     —John Kerry, US Senator, Boston.com, Mar. 5, 2009

“Senator Charles Schumer Touts Tax Incentives for Manure Energy”     Associated Press, Aug. 12, 2011

“…prices on electric cars will continue to drop until they are within reach of the average family.”     The Washington Post, 1915

“GM to Investigate After Chevy Volt Hybrid Catches Fire for SECOND Time in a Week—Even Though It was Unplugged”     Daily Mail, Feb. 23, 2012

Environment and Pollution

“The Earth has cancer and the cancer is man.”     Mankind at the Turning Point, second report of the Club of Rome, 1974

“In searching for the new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill. In their totality and in their interactions these phenomena do constitute a common threat which demands the solidarity of all peoples. But in designating them as the enemy, we fall into the trap about which we have already warned, by human intervention and it is only through changing attitudes and behaviors that they can be overcome. The real enemy, then, is humanity itself.”     —Alexander King and Bertrand Schneider, The First Global Revolution, report for the Club of Rome, 1991, p. 115

“If we don’t overthrow capitalism, we don’t have a chance of saving the world ecologically.”     —Judi Bari, environmental group Earth First

“A massive campaign must be launched to de-develop the United States. De-development means bringing our economic system into line with the realities of ecology and the world resource situation.”    —Dr. Paul Ehrlich, Anne Ehrlich, and Dr. John Holdren, Ecoscience: Population, Resources, Environment, 1970, p. 323

“We must make this an insecure and inhospitable place for capitalists and their projects. We must reclaim the roads and plowed land, halt dam constructions, tear down existing dams, free shackled rivers and return to wilderness millions of acres of previously settled land.”     —David Foreman, Ecodefense:  A Field Guide to Monkey Wrenching, 1987

“…children born today—in both the industrialized world and developing countries—will live longer and be healthier, they will get more food, a better education, a higher standard of living, more leisure time and far more possibilities—without the global environment being destroyed.”     —Dr. Bjorn Lomborg, The Skeptical Environmentalist, Measuring the Real State of the World, 2001, p. 352

“The general use of the pesticide DDT will no longer be legal in the United States after today…the continued massive use of DDT posed unacceptable risks to the environment and potential harm to human health.”     —US Environmental Protection Agency, 1972

“Every year, indoor air pollution is responsible for the death of 1.6 million people—that’s one death every 20 seconds…In sub-Saharan Africa, the reliance on biomass fuels appears to be growing as a result of population growth and the unavailability of, or increases in the price of, alternatives such as kerosene and liquid petroleum gas.”    —World Health Organization, “Indoor Air Pollution and Health,” June 2005

“The polluter-pays principle is the principle according to which the polluter should bear the cost of measures to reduce pollution according to the extent of either the damage done to society or the exceeding of an acceptable level (standard) of pollution.”     —OECD Glossary of Statistical Terms web site, 2010

“The US is responsible for 25 percent of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. It should take responsibility for leading the way.”     —Tony Juniper, Friends of the Earth, The Independent, Dec. 10, 2005

“The planet has been through a lot worse than us…been through earthquakes, volcanoes, plate tectonics, continental drift, solar flares, sun spots, magnetic storms, the magnetic reversal of the poles, hundreds of thousands of years of bombardment by comets and asteroids and meteors, worldwide floods, tidal waves, worldwide fires, erosion, cosmic rays, recurring ice ages—and we think some plastic bags and some aluminum cans are going to make a difference?     —George Carlin, comedian

“We need to stop burning fossil fuels and utilize only wind, water, and solar power with all generation of power coming from individual or small community units like windmills, waterwheels, and solar panels. Sea transportation should be by sail…Air transportation should be by solar powered blimps when air transportation is necessary.”     —Paul Watson, Sea Shepherd Conservation Society website, May 4, 2007

“The sooner the US puts a cap on our dangerous carbon pollution, the sooner we can create a new generation of clean energy jobs here in America…”     —Carol Browner, former US Director of Energy and Climate Change, PRNewswire, May 15, 2010

“By 1985, air pollution will have reduced the amount of sunlight reaching the Earth by one half.”    Time Magazine, Jan. 1970, quoted by Ron Bailey, Reason Magazine, Aug. 12, 2001

Gore, Al

“We have arrived at a moment of decision. Our home—Earth—is in danger. What is at risk of being destroyed is not the planet itself, of course, but the conditions that have made it hospitable for human beings.”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, statement to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Jan. 28, 2009

“…it is appropriate to have an over representation of factual presentations on how dangerous it is, as a predicate for opening up the audience to listen to what the solutions are, and how hopeful it is that we are going to solve this crisis.”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, Grist, May 9, 2006

“Our insatiable drive to rummage deep beneath the surface of the earth is a willful expansion of our dysfunctional civilization into Nature.”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, Earth in Balance: Ecology and the Human Spirit, 1992, p. 243

“We the human species, are confronting a planetary emergency—a threat to the survival of our civilization that is gathering ominous and destructive potential…the earth has a fever. And the fever is rising…Indeed, without realizing it, we have begun to wage war on earth itself…”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, Nobel Prize acceptance speech, Dec. 10, 2007

“…unless we act boldly and quickly to deal with the underlying causes of global warming, our world will undergo a string of terrible catastrophes…”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It, 2006, p. 10

“Al Gore’s ‘Inconvenient Truth’?—A $30,000 Utility Bill—’…electric bills for the former vice president’s 20-room home and pool house devoured nearly 221,000 kilowatt-hours in 2006, more than 20 times the national average of 10,656 kilowatt-hours.’”     ABC News, Feb. 26, 2008

“…it ought to be possible to establish a coordinated global program to accomplish the strategic goal of completely eliminating the internal combustion engine over, say, a twenty-five-year period.”     —Al Gore, former US vice president, Earth in Balance: Ecology and the Human Spirit, 1992

Hansen, James

“The climate is nearing tipping points. Changes are beginning to appear and there is a potential for explosive changes, effects that would be irreversible, if we do not rapidly slow fossil-fuel emissions over the next few decades.”     —Dr. James Hansen, The Observer, Feb. 15, 2009

“The greatest danger hanging over our children and grandchildren is initiation of changes that will be irreversible on any time scale that humans can imagine.”     —Dr. James Hansen, The Observer, Feb. 15, 2009

“Burning all the fossil fuels will destroy the planet we know, Creation, the planet of stable climate in which civilization developed.”     —Dr. James Hansen, letter to Barack and Michelle Obama, Dec. 29, 2008

“…99 percent confident that the world really was getting warmer and that there was a high degree of probability that it was due to human-made greenhouse gases.”     —Dr. James Hansen on his 1988 Senate testimony, PBS Frontline, Apr. 24, 2007

Health Effects (Heat Waves, Disease)

“There is good evidence that last year’s European heat wave was influenced by global warming. It resulted in 26,000 premature deaths and cost $13.5 billion.”     —Tony Blair, former UK Prime Minister, address to the US Congress, Sep. 15, 2004

“Winter regularly takes many more lives than any heat wave:  25,000 to 50,000 each year die in Britain from excess cold. Across Europe, there are six times more cold-related deaths than heat-related deaths…by 2050…Warmer temperatures will save 1.4 million lives each year.”  —Dr. Bjorn Lomborg, Telegraph, Mar. 13, 2009

“Claims the malaria resurgence is due to climate change ignore these realities and disregard history…Public concern should focus on ways to deal with the realities of malaria transmission, rather than on the weather.”     —Dr. Paul Reiter, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2000

“Climate change is the cholera of our era—fear of the havoc that climate change will wreak should stimulate a new public health revolution.”     —Sir Muir Gray, TimesOnLine, May 25, 2009

“Successfully reframing the climate debate in the United States from one based on environmental values to one based on health values…holds great promise to help American society better understand and appreciate the risks of climate change…”     —George Mason University, Center for Climate Change Communication, May 9, 2011

“Some reduction in the risk of death related to extreme cold is expected…the reduction in deaths as a result of relatively milder winters attributable to global warming will be substantially less than the increase in deaths due to summertime heat extremes.”     —US Global Climate Change Research Program, 2009 Report

“That makes climate change a bigger public health problem than AIDS, than malaria, than pandemic flu.”     —Lois Capps, US House Representative, The Hill, Apr. 6, 2011

Icecaps, Glaciers, and Sea Level

“The extent of the ice in the Nordic Seas…has decreased by ≈33% over the past 135 years…The time series indicates that we are in a state of continued recovery from the cooling effects of the Little Ice Age.”     —Dr. Torgny Vinje, American Meteorological Society, Feb. 1, 2001

“The Himalayan Glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau have been among the most affected by global warming. The Himalayas…provide more than half of the drinking water for 40% of the world’s population…Within the next half-century, that 40% of the world’s people may well face a very serious drinking water shortage, unless the world acts boldly and quickly to mitigate global warming.”    —Al Gore, former US Vice President, An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It, 2006, pp. 42-59

“The crux of the sea level issue is that it starts very slowly but once it gets going it is practically unstoppable…There is no way I can see to stop this rise, even if we have gone to zero emissions.”     —Dr. Stefan Rahmstorf, Reuters, Sep. 30, 2009

“Rising sea levels will result in tens to hundreds of millions more people flooded each year with a warming of 3 or 4°C. There will be serious risks and increasing pressures for coastal protection in South East Asia (Bangladesh and Vietnam), small islands in the Caribbean and the Pacific, and large coastal cities, such as Tokyo, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Calcutta, Karachi, Buenos Aires, St. Petersburg, New York, Miami and London.”     —Nicholas Stern, The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review, 2007

“The last time the world was three degrees warmer than today—which is what we expect later this century—sea levels were 25m higher. So that is what we can look forward to if we don’t act soon.”     —Dr. James Hansen, The Independent, Feb. 17, 2006

“In the end, it will just melt away quite suddenly. It might not be as early as 2013 but it will be soon, much earlier than 2040.”     —Dr. Peter Waldhams on arctic ice, BBC News, Dec. 12, 2007

“Scientists are also unnerved by the summer’s implications for the future…proof that human activities are propelling a slide toward climate calamity…humans may have tipped the balance…a particularly harsh jolt to polar bears.”     —Andy Revkin on arctic ice, The New York Times, Oct. 2, 2007

“Ice conditions were exceptional. In fact, so little ice has never before been noted. The expedition all but established a record, sailing as far north as 81°29′ in ice-free water. This is the farthest north ever reached with modern oceanographic apparatus.”     —George Ifft, U.S. Consul to Norway, Oct. 10, 1922

“We are trying to send our message to let the world know what is happening and what will happen to the Maldives if climate change isn’t checked.”     —Mohamed Nasheed, President of Maldives on his underwater cabinet meeting, CNN World, Oct. 17, 2009

“The consequences would be catastrophic. Even with a small sea-level rise, we’re going to destroy whole nations and their cultures that have existed for thousands of years.”     —Dr. Jonathan Overpeck, National Geographic News, Apr. 26, 2004

“Part of the reason Tom’s One Man Epic is taking place now is because of the effect that global warming is having on the polar ice caps…Some scientists have even estimated that the polar ice cap will have entirely melted away by 2014.”     —Tom Smitheringale prior to his 2010 aborted attempt to reach the North Pole, Herald Sun, Apr. 23, 2010

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

“The additional burden of CO2 added to the atmosphere by human activities…leads to the current ‘perturbed’ global carbon cycle…These perturbations to the natural carbon cycle are the dominant driver of climate change because of their persistent effect on the atmosphere.”     —IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, WG I, 2007, p. 514

“About 50% of the CO2 increase will be removed from the atmosphere within 30 years, and a further 30% will be removed within a few centuries. The remaining 20% may stay in the atmosphere for many thousands of years.”     —IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, WG I, 2007, p. 501

“Projected climate change-related exposures are likely to affect the health status of millions of people, particularly those with low adaptive capacity, through…increased deaths, disease, and injury due to heat waves, floods, storms, and droughts…”     —IPCC 2007 Assessment Report, Synthesis Report, p. 12

“Hot days, hot nights, and heat waves have become more frequent…the observed higher frequency of heat waves is likely to have occurred due to human influence on the climate system…”     —IPCC, Fourth Assessment Report, WG II, 2007, pp. 396-397

“Globally about 20 to 30%…of species will be at increasingly high risk of extinction, possibly by 2100, as global mean temperatures exceed 2 to 3°C above pre-industrial levels.”     —IPCC, Fourth Assessment Report, WG II, 2007, p.213

“…based on current models…the global mean temperature will increase at a rate of about 0.3°C per decade during the next century, at a rate at least 10 times higher than any seen over the past 10,000 years.”    —IPCC First Assessment Report, 1990

“New analyses of proxy data for the Northern Hemisphere indicate that the increase in temperature in the 20th century is likely to have been the largest of any century during the past 1,000 years. It is also likely that, in the Northern Hemisphere, the 1990′s was the warmest decade and 1998 the warmest year.”     —IPCC, Third Assessment Report, WG I, Summary for Policy Makers, 2001, p.2

“More than two-thirds of all authors of chapter 9 of the IPCC’s 2007 climate-science assessment are part of a clique whose members have co-authored papers with each other…the majority of scientists who are skeptical of a human influence on climate significant enough to be damaging to the planet were unrepresented in the authorship of chapter 9.”  —Dr. John McLean, Science and Public Policy Institute, July, 2008

“Under true peer-review…a panel of reviewers must accept a study before it can be published in a scientific journal. If the reviewers have objections the author must answer them or change the article to take reviewers’ objections into account. Under the IPCC review process, the authors are at liberty to ignore criticisms.”     —Dr. Richard Lindzen, The Heartland Institute, June 1, 2001

“But more than 15 sections in Chapter 8 of the report—the key chapter setting out the scientific evidence for and against a human influence over the climate—were changed or deleted after the scientist charged with examining this question had accepted the supposedly final text…”     —Dr. Frederick Seitz commenting on the IPCC Second Assessment Report, The Wall Street Journal, June 12, 1996

“The IPCC needs a lesson in geology to avoid making fundamental mistakes…Most leading geologists, throughout the world, know that the IPCC’s view of Earth processes is implausible if not impossible.”     —Dr. Thomas Segalstad, Newsbusters, July 9, 2007

“Perhaps the greatest scientific deception of the IPCC is the abuse and misuse of computer climate models. They allow them to make their reports and deliberations appear credible. They allow them to bamboozle the public because computer models are a complete mystery to most people.”     —Dr. Timothy Ball, Canada Free Press, May 27, 2008

“We have embarked globally on a path of unsustainable development. Our lifestyles, the way we produce goods and services, are all part of a system that is completely unsustainable. I see solutions to climate change leading to a much larger philosophical shift in the way human society develops. We need a new matrix to define what human progress is.”     —Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, IPCC Chairman, Guardian Weekly, Mar. 30, 2009

“…99% of the casualties linked to climate change occur in developing countries. Worst hit are the world’s poorest groups. While climate change will increasingly affect wealthy countries, the brunt of the impact is being borne by the poor, whose plight simply receives less attention.”   —Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the IPCC, Guardian, May 29, 2009

“…to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change purpose, IPCC website, 2012

“…warming of the climate system is unequivocal…most of the global average warming over the past 50 years is very likely due to anthropogenic greenhouse gases increases…”     —Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the IPCC, Nobel Prize acceptance speech, Dec. 10, 2007

“…it is extremely unlikely that global climate change of the past 50 years can be explained without external forcing and very likely that it is not due to known natural causes alone.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report, Synthesis Report, 2007, p. 39

“The atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide in 2005 exceeds by far the natural range over the last 650,000 years (180-300 ppm) as determined by ice cores.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report, WG I, Summary for Policymakers, p. 2

“…we conclude that it is very likely that greenhouse gases caused more global warming over the last 50 years than changes in solar irradiance.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report, WG I, 2007, p. 675

“…it is likely that future tropical cyclones (typhoons and hurricanes) will become more intense, with larger peak wind speeds and more heavy precipitation associated with ongoing increases of tropical sea surface temperatures.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report, Summary for Policy Makers, 2007, p. 15

“I am withdrawing because I have come to view the part of the IPCC to which my expertise is relevant as having become politicized. In addition, when I have raised my concerns to the IPCC leadership, their response was simply to dismiss my concerns.”     —Dr. Christopher Landsea, IPCC resignation letter, Jan. 17, 2005

“The IPCC hierarchy had its mind made up years ago to make every attempt possible to link rising levels of CO2 with increases in global hurricane intensity and frequency…Input from skeptics or any hypothesis or data that did not link rises in CO2 to increases in tropical cyclone activity was to be avoided, suppressed, or rejected.”     —Dr. William Gray, Science and Public Policy Institute, Oct. 11, 2011

“The IPCC is a scientific body. It reviews and assesses the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic information produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of climate change. It does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate-related data or parameters.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change web site, 2012

“Because of its scientific and intergovernmental nature, the IPCC embodies a unique opportunity to provide rigorous and balanced scientific information to decision makers. By endorsing the IPCC reports, governments acknowledge the authority of their scientific content. The work of the organization is therefore policy-relevant and yet policy-neutral, never policy-prescriptive.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change web site, 2012

“In my more than 60 years as a member of the American scientific community, including service as president of both the National Academy of Sciences and the American Physical Society, I have never witnessed a more disturbing corruption of the peer-review process than the events that led to this IPCC report.”     —Dr. Fredrick Seitz on the IPCC Second Assessment Report, The Wall Street Journal, June 12, 1996

“The IPCC doesn’t do any research itself. We only develop our assessments on the basis of peer-reviewed literature.”     —Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the IPCC, Rediff.com India News, June 5, 2007

“Glaciers in the Himalaya are receding faster than in any other part of the world…the likelihood of them disappearing by the year 2035 and perhaps sooner is very high if the Earth keeps warming at the current rate.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report, WG II, 2007, p. 493

“We thought that if we can highlight it, it will impact policy-makers and politicians and encourage them to take some concrete action.”     —Dr. Murari Lal, IPCC Lead Author, on the Himalayan glaciers “melting by 2035″ exaggeration in the Fourth Assessment Report, Daily Mail, Jan. 24, 2010

“Up to 40% of the Amazonian forests could react drastically to even a slight reduction in precipitation…forests will be replaced by ecosystems that have more resistance to multiple stresses caused by temperature increase, droughts and fires, such as tropical savannas.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report, WG II, 2007, p. 596

“By 2020, in some countries, yields from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50%. Agricultural production, including access to food, in many African countries is projected to be severely compromised. This would further adversely affect food security and exacerbate malnutrition.”     —Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report, Synthesis Report, 2007, p. 50

“Unfortunately, there is no way to ‘fix’ the IPCC, and there never was. The reason is that its formation over 20 years ago was to support political and energy policy goals, not to search for scientific truth. I know this not only because one of the first IPCC directors told me so, but also because it is the way the IPCC leadership behaves. If you disagree with their interpretation of climate change, you are left out of the IPCC process. They ignore or fight against any evidence which does not support their policy-driven mission, even to the point of pressuring scientific journals not to publish papers which might hurt the IPCC’s efforts.”     —Dr. Roy Spencer web site, Nov. 23, 2011

“…the findings for the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report that…2050 targets for developed countries should be between 80 to 85 per cent below 1990 emissions.”     —Commonwealth of Australia, “Securing a Clean Energy Future,” 2001

“…IPCC reported that ‘there is new and stronger evidence that most of the warming observed over the last 50 years is attributable to human activities.’”     —California Air Resources Board, “Climate Change Scoping Plan,” Dec. 2008

“The IPCC’s analysis suggests developed countries should collectively reduce their emissions by 25—40% below 1990 levels by 2020.”     —UK Department of Energy and Climate Change, “The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan,” Jul. 15, 2009

“…the UN IPCC…estimates that the average global surface temperature is likely to increase by between 1.4 and 5.8°C by 2100.”     —Government of Canada, “Climate Change Plan for Canada,” 2002

“…the IPCC has clearly indicated that most of the global warming observed over the past 50 years was likely induced by the increase in concentrations of greenhouse gases…”     —China National Development and Reform Commission, “National Climate Change Program,” June 4, 2007

“Most of the observed increase in global average surface temperatures since the mid-20th Century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations.—IPCC”     —US Environmental Protection Agency, “Climate Change Indicators in the United States,” 2010

Media and Wacky Headlines

“For years I was a newspaper editor and I knew—as most editors know—that if you print a lot of good news, people stop buying our paper. Conversely, if you publish the correct mix of doom, gloom and disaster, your circulation swells. I have done the experiment! The publication of ‘bad news’ is not a vice peculiar to editors…It’s what people on average demand.”     —Julian Cribb, Australian science journalist, ATSE Focus, Nov.-Dec. 2004

“If I do an interview with [Holocaust survivor] Elie Wiesel, am I required as a journalist to find a Holocaust denier?”     —Scott Pelley on the lack of interviews of climate skeptics, CBS News, March 23, 2006

“On a wintry Saturday last December, there was what was billed as a major climate change rally in London. The leader of the Green party, Caroline Lucas, went into the Westminster studio to be interviewed by me on BBC News channel…I pointed out to her that the climate didn’t seem to be playing ball at the moment. We were having a particularly cold winter, even though carbon emissions were increasing. Indeed, there had been no warming for ten years, contradicting all the alarming computer predictions. Well she was outraged…Miss Lucas told me angrily that is was disgraceful that the BBC—the BBC!—should be giving any kind of publicity to those sort of views…But it is effectively BBC policy, enthusiastically carried out by the BBC environment correspondents, that those views should not be heard—witness the BBC statement last year that ‘BBC News currently takes the view that their reporting needs to be calibrated to take into account the scientific consensus that global warming is man-made.”     —Peter Sissons, former BBC newsreader, Daily Mail, July 15, 2009

“Russian Scholar Warns of ‘Secret’ US Climate Change Weapon,”    Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty, Jul. 30, 2010

“Eat Kangaroo to ‘save the planet’”     BBC News, Aug. 9, 2008

“Researchers Suggest Link Between Obesity & Global Warming”     Scotland of Food and Drink, Aug. 17, 2011

“Scientists: Aliens May Punish Our Species for Climate Change”     The Atlantic, Aug. 2011

“Columbus Blamed for Little Ice Age—’By sailing to the New World, Christopher Columbus and other explorers who followed may have set off a chain reaction of events that cooled Europe’s climate for centuries.’”     ScienceNews, Oct. 13, 2011

“Climate Change ‘Could Spark More Volcanoes, Earthquakes, and Tsunamis’”     Daily Mail, Apr. 19, 2010

“British UFO Sightings at ‘Bizarre’ Levels—’Some experts believe it could be linked to global warming and craft from outer space are appearing because they are concerned about what man is doing to this planet.’”     Telegraph, July 7, 2008

“Global Warming Link to Kidney Stones”     The Times of India, May 15, 2008

“Flesh-Eating Disease is on the Rise Due to Global Warming: Experts Warn”     Science Daily, Aug. 16, 2007

“Study Says Global Warming Shrinks Birds,”     The Christian Science Monitor, Aug. 21, 2009

“Bigger Birds in Central California, Courtesy of Global Climate Change,”    SF State News, Oct. 31, 2011

“EU to Ban Cars from Cities by 2050—’Cars will be banned from London and all other cities across Europe under a draconian EU master plan to cut CO2 emissions by 60 per cent over the next 40 years.’     —Telegraph, Mar. 28, 2011

“Global Warming Could Shrink the Human Race”    The Register, Feb. 24, 2012

“Global Warming Could Spur Toxic Algae, Bacteria in Seas”     Wild Singapore News, Feb. 20, 2011

“Climate Change Could Be Causing Cougar Attacks: Expert”     Canada.com, Aug. 29, 2007

“Climate Change Cited as Shark Attacks ‘Double’”     The Raw Story, Feb. 13, 2012

“Lizard that Outlived Dinosaurs May Go Extinct form Climate Change.”     Planet Save, June 19, 2010

Models

“…the possibility of circular reasoning arises—that is, using the temperature record to derive a key input to climate models that are then tested against the temperature record.”    —Dr. Theodore Anderson et al., Science, May, 2003

“…the computer models are very good at solving equations of fluid dynamics but very bad at describing the real world. The real world is full of things like clouds and vegetation and soil and dust which the models describe very poorly.”     —Dr. Freeman Dyson, The Independent, Feb. 25, 2011

“On the whole, the evidence indicates that model trends in the troposphere are very likely inconsistent with observations…”     —Dr. David Douglass et al., pointing out that model projections do not match satellite and weather balloon temperature measurements in the Topics, International Journal of Climatology, Oct. 11, 2007

“Weather balloons had been measuring the atmosphere since the 1960s, many thousands of them every year. The climate models all predict that as the planet warms, a hot spot of moist air will develop over the tropics about 10 kilometers up, as the layer of moist air expands upwards into the cool, dry air above. During the warming of the late 1970s, ’80s and ’90s, the weather balloons found no hot spot. None at all. Not even a small one. This evidence proves that the climate models are fundamentally flawed, that they greatly overestimate the temperature increases due to carbon dioxide.”     —Dr. David Evans, Financial Post, Apr. 7, 2011

“People underestimate the power of models. Observational evidence is not very useful.”     —Dr. John Mitchell, U.K. Meteorological Office, The Register, May 13, 2011

Ocean Acidification

“Coral reefs, the rain forest of the ocean, are home for one-third of the species of the sea. Coral reefs are under stress for several reasons, including warming of the ocean, but especially because of ocean acidification, a direct effect of added carbon dioxide. Ocean life dependent on carbonate shells and skeletons is threatened by dissolution as the ocean becomes more acid.”     —Dr. James Hansen, address to the National Press Club, June 23, 2008

“Carbon dioxide pollution is transforming the chemistry of the ocean, rapidly making the water more acidic. In decades, rising ocean acidity may challenge life on a scale that has not occurred for tens of millions of years. So we confront an urgent choice: to move beyond fossil fuels or to risk turning the ocean into a sea of weeds.”     —Sigourney Weaver, Natural Resources Defense Council documentary, Sep. 17, 2009

Overpopulation

“It’s terrible to have to say this. World population must be stabilized and to do that we must eliminate 350,000 people per day. This is so horrible to contemplate that we shouldn’t even say it. But the general situation in which we are involved is lamentable.”     —Jacques-Yves Cousteau, interview with the Unesco Courier, Nov. 1991

“The battle to feed all of humanity is over. In the 1970s the world will undergo famines—hundreds of millions of people are going to starve to death in spite of any crash programs embarked upon now.”     —Paul Ehrlich, The Population Bomb, 1968, p. 5

“We must have population control at home, hopefully through a system of incentives and penalties, but by compulsion if voluntary methods fail…The birth rate must be brought into balance with the death rate or mankind will breed itself into oblivion.”     —Paul Ehrlich, The Population Bomb, 1968, p.6

“I think we will work our way towards a position that says that having more than two children is irresponsible.”    —Sir Jonathan Porritt, former advisor to Tony Blair, Newser, Feb. 2, 2009

“We’re too many people; that’s why we have global warming…on a voluntary basis, everybody in the world’s got to pledge to themselves that one child is it.”     —Ted Turner, media mogul and father of five, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Apr. 3, 2008

“We must not put pressure on people, but by providing information on the population and the environments, and appropriate contraception for everyone…doctors should help bring family size into the arena of environmental ethics, analogous to avoiding patio heaters and high carbon cars.”     —Dr. John Guillebaud and Dr. Pip Hayes, British Medical Journal, July 24, 2008

“I am unapologetic about asking people to connect up their own responsibility for their total environmental footprint and how they decide to procreate and how many children they think are appropriate.”    —Sir Jonathan Porritt, UK Chairman of the Sustainable Development Commission, Daily Mail, Feb. 2, 2009

“Because Americans are high resource consumers in a country with a large, rapidly growing population base, the U.S. has a much bigger ‘per-person’ impact on global climate change than any other nation.”     —Center for Environment and Population, website, 2008

“Under current conditions in the United States, for example, each child adds about 9,441 metric tons of carbon dioxide to the carbon legacy of an average female, which is 5.7 times her lifetime emissions.”     —Dr. Paul Murtaugh and Dr. Michael Schlax, Global Environmental Change, Feb. 2009

“…probably the single-most concrete and substantive thing an American, young American, could do to lower our carbon footprint is not turning off the lights or driving a Prius, it’s having fewer kids…we’ll soon see a market in baby-avoidance carbon credits similar to efforts to sell CO2 credits for avoiding deforestation…”     —Andy Revkin, journalist, CNS News, Oct. 19, 2009

“By the year 2000 the United Kingdom will be simply a small group of impoverished islands, inhabited by some 70 million hungry people…If I were a gambler, I would take even money that England will not exist in the year 2000.”     —Dr. Paul Ehrlich, speech at the British Institute for Biology, Sep. 1971

“Although reducing human emissions to the atmosphere is undoubtedly of critical importance…the truth is that the contribution of each individual cannot be reduced to zero. Only the lack of the individual can bring it down to nothing.     —Dr. Chris Rapley, Director of the British Antarctic Survey, The Independent, Jan. 7, 2006

“The importance of the speed and magnitude of recent population growth in boosting future greenhouse gas emissions is well recognized among scientists…Each birth results not only in the emissions attributable to that person in his or her lifetime, but also the emissions of all his or her descendants. Hence, the emissions savings from intended or planned birth multiply with time…No human is genuinely ‘carbon neutral,’ especially when all greenhouse gases are figured into the equation. Therefore, everyone is part of the problem, so everyone must be part of the solution in some way.”     —United Nations Population Fund, 2009

Polar Bears and Species Extinction

“The researchers created a model that dictated global warming will cause extinctions. Surprise, surprise! When they ran the model, that’s exactly what they got.”     —Ian Murray, Competitive Enterprise Institute website, Jan. 9, 2004

“Global warming isn’t a crisis that’s decades away. It’s here now. The sad truth is that polar bears are already starving as global warming melts the Arctic.”     —Kassie Siegel, Director of the US Center for Biological Diversity, Telegraph, Dec. 9, 2010

“You now have polar bears coming into towns, getting into cabins, breaking property and just creating havoc for people up here.”     —Gabriel Nirlungayuk, Director of Wildlife for Nunavut Tungavik Inc., Examiner.com, Jan. 8, 2010

“By working with Coca-Cola, we can raise the profile of polar bears and what they’re facing, and most importantly, engage people to work with us, to help protect their home.”     —Carter Roberts, World Wildlife Fund CEO, website, 2011

Political Leaders, Recent

“Climate change is the world’s greatest environmental challenge. It is now plain that the emission of greenhouse gases, associated with industrialization and economic growth…is causing global warming at a rate that is unsustainable.”    —Tony Blair, former UK Prime Minister, Times Online, Jan. 30, 2006

“…the best projections tell us  that we have less than 100 months to alter our behavior before we risk catastrophic climate change and the unimaginable horrors that this would bring.”     —Charles, Prince of Wales, Associated Press, Mar. 12, 2009

“Global warming causes volatility. I feel it when I’m flying.”     —Debbie Stabenow, US Senator, Detroit News, Aug. 8, 2009

“We called the Weather Bureau and found out what historically was the hottest day of the summer…So we scheduled the hearing that day, and bingo, it was the hottest day of record in Washington, or close to it…we went in the night before and opened all the windows…so that the air conditioning wasn’t working inside the room.”     —Timothy Wirth, former US Senator, on preparations for the Senate 1988 hearings on climate change,  interview with PBS Frontline, Apr. 24, 2007

“Climate alarmists believe in their own omnipotency, in knowing better than millions of rationally behaving men and women what is right or wrong, in the possibility to give adequate instructions to hundreds of millions of individuals and institutions and the resulting compliance or non-compliance of those who are supposed to follow these instructions.”    —Vaclav Klaus, President of the Czech Republic, Euromed, Mar. 17, 2008

“I am afraid there are people who want to stop the economic growth, the rise in the standard of living (though not their own) and the ability of man to use the expanding wealth, science and technology for solving the actual pressing problems of mankind, especially of the developing countries.”     —Vaclav Klaus, President of the Czech Republic, Euromed, Mar. 17, 2008

“Coal makes us sick. Oil makes us sick. It’s global warming. It’s ruining our country. It’s ruining our world.”     —Harry Reid, US Senator, interview on Fox Business Network, June 30, 2008

“Nobody…likes talking about enforceable international protocols and yet unless there is a real change in attitude, we have to contemplate those very unwelcome possibilities if we want the global economy not to collapse and millions, billions, of people to die.”     —Dr. Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, BBC Radio, Mar. 28, 2006

“Never waste a good crisis…Don’t waste it when it can have a very positive impact on climate change and energy security.”    —Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, Reuters, Mar. 7, 2009

“Being often with many leading politicians, I feel frustrated that they do not listen. They already know. They fully subscribed to the idea that talking about ‘saving the planet’ is an effective way to show their ‘caring’ for humanity and that it is the easiest way to maximize votes irrespective of any relevant activity which would aim at the real needs of people. The global warming dogma has become a very easy form of escapism from the current reality.”     —Vaclav Klaus, President of the Czech Republic, speech to The Wall Street Journal ECO: nomics Conference, Mar. 6, 2009

“We have so much room for improvement. Every aspect of our lives must be subjected to an inventory…of how we are taking responsibility.”     —Nancy Pelosi, US Representative, on climate change, Associated Press, May 27, 2009

“The American president [George W. Bush] closes his eyes to the economic and human damages that are inflicted on his country and the world economy by natural disasters, like Katrina, through neglected climate protection.”     —Juergen Trittin, former German Environmental Minister, Washington Post, Sep. 2, 2005

“We can’t tell an electorate…when you have something like in excess of 300 million people without any access to electricity at all that you have to put a cap on this.”     —Ronen Sen, India ambassador to the US, AFP, Mar. 4, 2009

“Responding to the challenge of climate change is the ultimate political test for our generation…Our package not only responds to this challenge, but…is an opportunity that should create thousands of new businesses and millions of jobs in Europe.”     —Jose Manuel Barroso, European Commission President, Europa, Jan. 23, 2008

“We simply must do everything we can in our power to slow down global warming before it is too late…We can save our planet and also boost our economy at the same time.”     —Arnold Schwarzenegger, former governor of California, California press release, Sep. 27, 2006

“The transition to a low-carbon economy will be one of the defining issues of the 21st century. This plan sets out a route-map for the UK’s transition from here to 2020…every business, every community will need to be involved. Together we can create a more secure, more prosperous low carbon Britain and a world which is sustainable for future generations.”     —Ed Milliband, UK Secretary of State of Energy and Climate Change, “UK Low Carbon Transition Plan,” July 15, 2009

“…American leadership is essential to meeting the challenges of the 21st century, and chief among those is the complex, urgent, and global threat of climate change. From rapidly rising temperatures to melting arctic icecaps, from lower crop yields to dying forests, from unforgiving hurricanes to unrelenting droughts, we have no shortage of evidence that our world is facing a climate crisis…Under President Barack Obama, the U.S. will take the lead in addressing this challenge, both by making commitments of our own and engaging other nations to do the same.”     —Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, press release, Jan. 26, 2009

“It’s a pity the US is still very much unwilling to join the international community, to have a multi-lateral effort to deal with climate change.”     —Emily Ojoo Massawa, Kenya, Chair of the African Group of Nations, The Independent, Dec. 10, 2005

“Europe cannot solve this alone. We need stronger U.S. activity on the climate change issue if we are going to move forward. We are trying to do what we can to convince them to be more active on this.”    —Anders Borg, Swedish Finance Minister, Boston.com, Oct. 2, 2009

“We acknowledge—now with President Obama—that we have made mistakes in the United States, and we along with other developed countries have contributed most significantly to the problem we face with climate change.”    —Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, CNS News, July 20, 2009

“We think 65 billion dollars are needed to deal with the effects of climate change on a continental scale. That is to say that our expectations are very high.”     —Salifou Sawadogo, Burkina Faso Environmental Minister on climate payments needed for Africa, AFP, Oct. 9, 2009

“Nothing in the Constitution of the United States gives the Congress or the Executive Branch the power to attempt the task of regulating climate, as impossible as that would be under any realistic scenarios. No national security emergency exists relative to climate that would warrant increased governmental control of energy production. Today’s Americans have an obligation to future Americans to elect leaders who do not believe in an omnipotent government but believe, as did the Founders, in limited government, and in the preservation of liberty and the natural rights of the people.”     —Dr. Harrison Schmitt, former astronaut and US senator, foreword for The Mad, Mad, Mad World of Climatism:  Mankind and Climate Change Mania, 2012

“We’re all agreed that climate change is one of the greatest and most daunting challenges of our age. We have a moral imperative to act and act now.”     —David Cameron, UK Prime Minister, April 8, 2010

“Few challenges facing America and the world are more urgent than combating climate change. The science is beyond dispute and the facts are clear.”     —Barack Obama, US President Elect, message for the Global Climate Summit, Nov. 17, 2008

“So if somebody wants to build a coal-fired plant they can. It’s just that it will bankrupt them because they’re going to be charged a huge sum for all that greenhouse gas that’s being emitted.”     —Barack Obama, presidential candidate, January 17, 2008

“…climate change is real and it is caused to a significant extent by human activity.”     —Julia Gillard, Australian Prime Minister, CNN, July 23, 2010

“…climate change is accelerating. It threatens our well being, our security, and our economic development. It will lead to uncontrollable risks and dramatic damage if we do not take resolute countermeasures.”     —Angela Merkel, German Chancellor, UN Climate Change Summit, Sep. 22, 2009

“India was a late comer to industrialization, and as such, we have contributed very little to the accumulation of greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. But we are determined to be part of the solution to the problem.”     —Mahoman Singh, India Prime Minister, speech at Council on Foreign Relations, Nov. 23, 2009

“We have pledged to be the greenest government ever. We must lead by example…We are not asking others to do things we will not do ourselves.”    —Charles Hendry, UK Minister of State for the Department of Energy and Climate Change, owner of a castle with 16 bathrooms, Daily Mail, Nov. 18, 2011 

“Historically the Department of Education hasn’t been doing enough to drive the sustainability movement, and today, I promise that we will be a committed partner in the national effort to build a more environmentally literate and responsible society.”     —Arne Duncan, US Secretary of Education, CNSNews, Sep. 23, 2010

“…in just 25 years the glaciers in the Himalayas which provide water for three-quarters of a billion people could disappear entirely.”     —Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister, speech at the Major Economies Forum, Oct. 2009

“With all of the hysteria, all of the fear, all of the phony science, could it be that man-made global warming is the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on the American people? It sure sounds like it.”     —James Inhofe, US Senator, speech to the Senate, July 28, 2003

“So we have to figure out how to boost the price of gasoline to the levels in Europe.”     —Dr. Steven Chu, prior to serving as US Energy Secretary, The Wall Street Journal, Dec. 12, 2008

“I think we can say our energy system will be the most efficient and environmentally friendly in the world.”     —Angela Merkel, German Chancellor, Bloomberg, Jan. 4, 2011

“All new schools…should be models for sustainable development: showing every child in the classroom and the playground how smart building and energy use can help tackle global warming…Sustainable development will not just be a subject in the classroom: it will be in its bricks and mortar and the way the school uses and even generates its own power.”     —Tony Blair, former UK prime minister, Green Schools Initiative web site, 2004

“…this was the moment when the rise of the oceans began to slow and our planet began to heal…”     —Barack Obama, presidential candidate, speech in St. Paul Minnesota, June 3, 2008

“We are disillusioned. The current political system is broken…Essentially nothing has changed in 20 years. We are not remotely on a course to be sustainable.”     —Dr. Robert Watson, UK Chief Environmental Advisor, former IPCC Chairman, The New York Times, Sep. 28, 2009

“Remedies” for Climate Change

“In absolute terms, we may have to look at restricting the number of flights people take.”    —Lord Adair Turner, Chairman of UK Committee on Climate Change, Belfast Telegraph, Feb. 7, 2009

“Whether you eat meat of not, you can be part of this decision to limit the meat industry destroying our planet’s resources.”     —Stella McCartney, daughter of Paul McCartney, The Independent, June 15, 2009

“Study: A Dog or Cat Pollutes More than an SUV.”     Italian News Agency, Sep. 8, 2010

“…if we all turned down the thermostat in our house by just one degree, we would save over £650 million worth of energy and nearly nine million tonnes of carbon emissions every year. That would be the equivalent of taking three million cars off our roads…we can bring about a Green Consumer Revolution in this country to improve our lives, enrich our economy and protect our environment.”     —David Cameron, UK Prime Minister, speech on The Green Consumer Revolution, Oct. 16, 2009

“Eventually, we can get to a system where an electric company will be able to hold back some of the power so that maybe your air conditioner won’t operate at its peak…”     —Carol Browner, former US Energy and Climate Change Advisor, US News, Mar. 9, 2009

“The evidence is in…UN report shows that animals raised for food generate more greenhouse gases than all cars and trucks combined.”     —People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Aug. 29. 2007

“Meat production represents 18 percent of global human-induced GHG emissions…While the world is looking for sharp reductions in greenhouse gases responsible for climate change, growing global meat production is going to severely compromise future efforts…a study from the University of Chicago showed that if Americans were to reduce meat consumption by 20 percent it would be as if they switched from a standard sedan to the ultra-efficient Prius.”     —Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the IPCC, Science, Sep. 6, 2008

“The actions needed to develop a more sustainable food system in the NHS whilst maintaining nutritional value include…a reduction in the reliance on meat, dairy and eggs.”    —British National Health Service, Jan. 2009

“I love eating meat, but I love our planet even more. So I will join this campaign and stop eating meat at least one day each week.”     —Richard Branson, Support Meat-Free Monday web site

“The World Health Organization recently published some data showing that each overweight person causes and additional one tonne of CO2 to be emitted every year. With one billion people overweight around the world—of whom at least 300 million are obese—that’s an additional one billion tonnes.”     —Sir Jonathan Porritt, Chairman of the UK Sustainable Development Commission, Telegraph, June 3, 2009

“We need a more authoritative world…What’s the alternative to democracy? There isn’t one. But even the best democracies agree that when a major war approaches, democracy must be put on hold for the time being. I have a feeling that climate change may be an issue as severe as war. It may be necessary to put democracy on hold for a while.”     —Dr. James Lovelock, Guardian, Mar. 29, 2010

“Capitalism is not sustainable by its very nature. It is predicated on infinitely expanding markets, faster consumption and bigger production in a finite planet…You can either have capitalism or a habitable planet. One or the other, not both.”     —Robert Newman, UK author, Guardian, Feb. 2, 2006

“Capitalism and the thirst for profit without limits of the capitalist system are destroying the planet…Climate change has placed all humankind before a great choice: to continue in the ways of capitalism and death, or to start down the path of harmony with nature and respect for life.”     —Evo Morales, President of Bolivia, Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal, Nov. 28, 2008

“The Second World War and the concept of rationing is something we need to seriously consider if we are to address the scale of the problem we face.”     —Dr. Kevin Anderson, Director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Telegraph, Nov. 29, 2010

“What we are beginning to witness is a whole new set of rules for economics, based on rationing resources.”     —John Prescott, former UK Deputy Prime Minister, Guardian, Aug. 8, 2009

“EU to Ban Cars from Cities by 2050—’Cars will be banned from London and all other cities across Europe under a draconian EU master plan to cut CO2 emissions by 60 per cent over the next 40 years.’     —Telegraph, Mar. 28, 2011

“The reduction of methane emissions through the management, in a humane manner, of feral goats, feral deer, feral pigs, or feral camels.”    —The Australian Carbon Farming Initiative Act, authorizing the killing of animals for carbon credits, Dec. 8, 2011

“It is such a shame that, considering the fanfare, it emerges that this facility cannot be used by the children all year round.”    —Gail Engerts, Councillor, regarding the Muswell Living Ark solar classroom that was too cold for students to use, Daily Mail, Feb. 24, 2011

“It was pretty disgusting. The girls had to step over a river of urine. I could smell it as soon as I walked into the hallway.”     —Frank Barbieri, school board member, regarding the failed waterless urinals at Spanish River High in Boca Raton, Daily Mail, Jan. 30, 2012

“I’ve never worked in such cold. I’m all for saving the planet, but this was barbaric.”     —Teacher at Ansford Academy in England, after heat was turned off during December “eco-day,” The Blaze, Dec. 7, 2011

“Science is Settled” and Deniers

“CEOs of fossil energy companies know what they are doing and are aware of long-term consequences of continued business as usual. In my opinion, these CEOs should be tried for high crimes against humanity and nature.”     —Dr. James Hansen, address to the National Press Club, June 23, 2008

“…the debate among the scientists if over. There is no more debate. We face a planetary emergency. There is no more scientific debate among serious people who’ve looked at the science…Well, I guess in some quarters, there’s still a debate over whether the moon landing was staged in a movie lot in Arizona, or whether the Earth is flat instead of round.”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, CBS Early Show, May 31, 2006

“If you look at all the serious scientists in the world, there is no big disagreement on the basics of this…it would be absolute lunacy to act as if climate change is not occurring.”     —Sir Nicholas Stern, Guardian, Mar. 10, 2009

“The misconception that there is serious disagreement among scientists about global warming is actually an illusion that has been deliberately fostered by a relatively small but extremely well-funded cadre of special interests, including Exxon Mobil and a few other oil, coal, and utilities companies. These companies want to prevent any new policies that would interfere with their current business plans that rely on the massive unrestrained dumping of global warming pollution into the Earth’s atmosphere every hour of every day.”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It, 2006, p. 264

“The diagnosis is clear, the science in unequivocal—it’s completely immoral, even, to question now, on the basis of what we know, the reports that are out, to question the issue and to question whether we need to move forward at a much stronger pace as humankind to address the issues.”     —Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland, former Prime Minister of Norway, on climate change, UPI, May 10, 2007

“When we’ve finally gotten serious about global warming, when the impacts are really hitting us and we’re in a full worldwide scramble to minimize the damage, we should have war crimes trials for these bastards—some sort of climate Nuremberg.”     —David Roberts, Grist, Sep. 19, 2006

“I wonder what sentences judges might hand down at future international criminal tribunals on those who will be partially but directly responsible for millions of deaths from starvation, famine, and disease in the decades ahead.”     —Mark Lynas, UK journalist, Christian Science Monitor, July 10, 2009

“…every time someone dies as a result of floods in Bangladesh, an airline executive should be dragged out of his office and drowned.”     —George Monbiot, UK journalist, Guardian, Dec. 5, 2006

“We can no longer tolerate what’s going on in Ottawa and Edmonton. What I would challenge you to do is to put a lot of effort into trying to see whether there’s a legal way of throwing our so-called leaders into jail because what they’re doing is a criminal act.”     —Dr. David Suzuki, address to the McGill Business Conference on Sustainability, Feb. 2008

“Since I started writing essays challenging the global warming consensus, and seeking to put forward critical alternative arguments, I have felt almost witch-hunted. There has been a hysterical reaction. One individual, who was once on the board of the Sierra Club, has suggested I should be criminally prosecuted…There was a shocking intensity to their self-righteous fury, as if I had transgressed a moral as well as an intellectual boundary and committed blasphemy. I sometimes think to myself, ‘Boy, I’m glad I didn’t live in the 1450′s, because I would be out in the main square with a pile of wood around my ankles.’”     —Alexander Cockburn, American journalist, Jan. 25, 2008

“Disinformation about the state of climate change science is extraordinarily if not criminally irresponsible…”     —Dr. Donald Brown web site, Oct. 24, 2010

“There is, even today, a Flat Earth Society that meets every year to say the Earth is flat. The science about climate change is very clear. There really is no room for doubt at this point.”     —Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the IPCC, Chicago Tribune, Aug. 3, 2008

“The science behind climate change is settled, and human activity is responsible for global warming.”     —Lisa Jackson, US Environmental Protection Agency, The New York Times, Feb. 23, 2010

“Despite the international scientific community’s consensus on climate change, a small number of critics continue to deny that climate change exists or that humans are causing it. Widely known as climate change “skeptics” or “deniers,” these individuals are generally not climate scientists and do not debate the science with the climate scientists…”     —David Suzuki Foundation website, 2012

“Since the late 1980s, this well-coordinated, well-funded campaign by contrarian scientists, free-market think tanks and industry has created a paralyzing fog of doubt around climate change. Through advertisements, opeds, lobbying, and media attention, greenhouse doubters (they hate being called deniers) argued first that the world is not warming, measurements indicating otherwise are flawed, they said. Then they claimed that any warming is natural, not caused by human activities. Now they contend that the looming warming will be miniscule and harmless. ‘They patterned what they did after the tobacco industry,’ says former senator Tim Wirth, who spearheaded environmental issues as an undersecretary of state in the Clinton administration. ‘Both figured, sow enough doubt, call the science uncertain and in dispute. That’s had a huge impact on both the public and Congress.’”     —Sharon Begley, Newsweek, Aug. 12, 2007

“If you’re one of those who have spent their lives undermining progressive climate legislation, bankrolling junk science, fueling spurious debates around false solutions, and cattle-prodding democratically-elected governments into submission, then hear this: We know who you are. We know where you live. We know where you work.”     —Gene Ananth, Greenpeace web site, Apr. 1, 2010

“We know who the active denialists are—not the people who buy the lies, mind you, but the people who create the lies. Let’s start keeping track of them now, and when the famines come, let’s make them pay. Let’s let their houses burn until the innocent are rescued. Let’s swap their safe land for submerged islands. Let’s force them to bear the cost of rising food prices. They broke the climate. Why should the rest of us have to pay for it?”     —Steve Zwick, Forbes, Apr. 19, 2012

Scientific Organizations and Funding

“It is no secret that a lot of climate-change research is subject to opinion, that climate models sometimes disagree…The problem is, only sensational exaggeration makes the kind of story that will get politicians’—and readers’—attention. So, yes, climate scientists might exaggerate, but in today’s world, this is the only way to assure any political action and thus more federal financing to reduce the scientific uncertainty.”     —Dr. Monika Kopacz, The New York Times, Apr. 12, 2009

“Man-made global warming was a potential serious threat, and NASA wanted Congress to fund new satellites to study the problem. It was a team effort to get that accomplished.”     —Dr. Roy Spencer, website, Jan. 29, 2009

“The evidence is incontrovertible. Global warming is occurring.”     —American Physical Society website, 2011

“…human activity is the primary driver of recent warming.”     —National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration website, 2011

“The current warming trend…is very likely human induced…”     —National Aeronautic and Space Administration website, 2011

“…emissions of CO2 must be reduced by more than 50 percent…”     —American Geophysical Union website, 2011

“…human activities are a major contributor to climate change…”     —American Meteorological Society website, 2011

“…need for substantial action to limit the magnitude of climate change…”     —National Academy of Sciences website, 2011

“…evidence that the warming…has been caused largely by human activity…”     —Royal Society (UK), “A Summary of the Science,” Sep. 2010

“Climate change is now one of the major hurdles facing the global community…”     —Royal Meteorological Society (UK) website, 2011

“Human activity is most likely responsible for climate warming.”     —European Academy of Sciences and Arts, “Let’s Be Honest,” Mar. 3, 2007

“Human activities must…significantly reduce emissions starting immediately.”     —Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, letter to the Canadian Parliament, Nov. 26, 2009

“EPA Awards $17 Million to Support Research on the Impact of Climate Change—Twenty-five universities to explore public health and environmental facets of climate change.”     —Environmental Protection Agency News Release, Feb. 17, 2010

“Construction Begins on $100 Million Climate Supercomputer in Wyoming—’About $20 million will come from the Wyoming state government. Other funding is coming through the National Science Foundation.’”     USA Today, June 15, 2010

“MSU, Partners Bring Climate Change Curricula to High Schools—’Part of the $2.5 million National Science Foundation Discovery Research K-12 project. Mississippi State University to create better ways to teach climate change.’”     —Mississippi State University press release, Feb. 1, 2011

“All modeling efforts will inevitably converge on the result most likely to lead to further funding.”     —Charlie Martin, PJMedia, Aug. 30, 2011

“Today, the solitary inventor, tinkering in his shop, has been overshadowed by task forces of scientists in laboratories and testing fields…Partly because of the huge costs involved, a government contract becomes virtually a substitute for intellectual curiosity…The prospect of domination of the nation’s scholars by Federal employment, project allocations, and the power of money is ever present—and is gravely to be regarded. Yet, in holding scientific research and discovery in respect, as we should, we must also be alert to the equal and opposite danger that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific-technological elite.”     —Dwight Eisenhower, former US president, farewell address to the nation, Jan. 17, 1961

“UI Gets Grant to Study Climate Change—’The University of Idaho announced the largest single grant in its history Friday, a $20 million award to study and plan for how climate change will affect cereal grain production in the Pacific Northwest.’”     The Lewiston Morning Tribune, Feb. 19, 2011

“Granthams to Fund Institute for Climate Change at Imperial College London—’Jeremy and Hannelore Grantham are donating GBP 12 million to establish the Grantham Institute for Climate Change based at Imperial College London…”    —London Imperial College news release, Feb. 26, 2007

“Access to supercomputers. The science is well ahead of our ability to implement it. It’s quite clear that if we could run our models at a higher resolution we could do a much better job—tomorrow—in terms of our seasonal and decadal predictions. It’s so frustrating. We keep saying we need four times the computing power. We’re talking just 10 or 20 million a year—dollars or pounds—which is tiny compared to the damage done by disasters. Yet it’s a difficult argument to win.”     —Dr. Julia Slingo, chief scientist UK Meteorological Office, Nature, Dec. 30, 2010

“Purdue Wins $5M Global Warming Crop-Research Grant—’Purdue University scientists have won a $5 million federal grant to help corn and soybean farmers adapt to the various climate change scenarios global warming is forecast to bring in the coming decades.’”     Associated Press, June 29, 2011

“I am very disappointed at the downward path the AMS has been following for the last 10-15 years in its advocacy of the Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) hypothesis. The society has officially taken a position many of us AMS members do not agree with…Instead of organizing meetings with free and open debates on the basic physics and the likelihood of AGW induced climate changes, the leaders of the society…have chosen to fully trust the climate models and deliberately avoid open debate and discussion…My interaction (over the years) with a broad segment of AMS members…have indicated that a majority of them do not agree that humans are the primary cause of global warming.”    —Dr. William Gray on the American Meteorological Society position on global warming, WattsUpWithThat, Jun. 16, 2011

“University of Florida-led Teams Awarded $6.9 Million for Climate Change Projects”     University of Florida News, June 30, 2011

“When I joined the American Physical Society sixty-seven years ago it was much smaller, much gentler, and as yet uncorrupted by the money flood…the choice of physics as a profession was then a guarantor of a life of poverty and abstinence…How different it is now…the money flood has become the raison d’etre of much physics research, the vital sustenance of much more, and it provides the support for untold numbers of professional jobs…It is of course, the global warming scam, with the (literally) trillions of dollars driving it, that has corrupted so many scientists, and has carried APS before it like a rogue wave. It is the greatest and most successful pseudoscientific fraud I have seen in my long life as a physicist.”     —Dr. Harold Lewis, resignation letter from the American Physical Society, October 6, 2010

“In the APS it is ok to discuss whether the mass of the proton changes over time and how a multi-universe behaves, but the evidence of global warming is incontrovertible? The claim (how can you measure the average temperature of the whole earth for a whole year?) is that the temperature has changed from ≈288.0 to ≈288.8 degree Kelvin in about 150 years, which (if true) means to me that the temperature has been amazingly stable, and both human health and happiness have definitely improved in the ‘warming’ period.”     —Dr. Ivar Giaever on the American Physical Society and global warming, Global Warming Policy Foundation web site, Sep. 14, 2011

Solar Effects

“The scientific results…indicate that the varying activity of the Sun is indeed the largest and most systematic contributor to natural climate variations.”     —Danish National Space Center website, 2009

“Sunspots and cosmic rays have a 79 percent correlation with our thermometer record since 1860. Meanwhile the CO2 correlation is a mere 22 percent.”     —Dennis Avery, Environmental Views, April 19, 2009

“The correlation of the solar indices and modeled solar irradiance with the Earth’s temperature are significant at better than 99% confidence level.”     —Dr. Douglas Hoyt and Dr. Kenneth Schatten, Journal of Geophysical Research, Nov. 1, 1993

“The theory describes mathematically the early growth of sulphuric acid droplets in the atmosphere. These are the building blocks for the cloud condensation nuclei on which water vapor condenses to make clouds.”     —Danish National Space Institute, web site, “The SKY Experiment,”  2011

“We’ve found that cosmic rays significantly enhance the formation of aerosol particles in the mid-troposphere and above.”     —Dr. Jasper Kirkby, CERN press release, Aug. 25, 2011

Temperature and the Hockey Stick Curve

“We know temperature goes up and down, we know there is tremendous amount of natural variation, but for how many years must the planet cool before we begin to understand, we politicians and scientists and so on, that the planet is not warming? For how many years must the cooling go on?”     —Dr. David, Gee, geologist, at the 2008 International Geological Congress

“The ten hottest years in the atmospheric record, going back only 160 years, have been in the last eleven years.”    —Al Gore, former US Vice President, address to the American Association for Advancement of Science, Feb. 14, 2009

“The Earth is warming but physical evidence from around the world tells us that human-emitted carbon dioxide has played only a minor role in it. Instead, the mild warming seems to be part of a natural 1,500-year climate cycle (plus or minus 500 years) that goes back at least one million years.”    —S. Fred Singer and Dennis Avery, Unstoppable Global Warming Every 1500 Years, 2007, p. 239

“…it is quite obvious that the temperature change during the last 100 years or so includes significant natural changes, both the linear change and fluctuations. It is very puzzling that the IPCC reports state that it is mostly due to the greenhouse effect.”     —Dr. Syun-Ichi Akasofu, paper for the International Arctic Research Center, March, 2007

“I received an astonishing email from a major researcher in the area of climate change. He said, ‘We have to get rid of the Medieval Warm Period!…In 1999, Michael Mann and his colleagues published a reconstruction of past temperatures in which the MWP simply vanished…”     —Dr. David Deming, testimony before the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, Dec. 6, 2006

“The data set of proxies of past climate used in Mann…for the estimation of temperature from 1400 to 1980 contains collation errors, unjustifiable truncation or extrapolation of source data, obsolete data, geographical location errors, incorrect calculation of principal components and other quality control defects.”     —Stephen McIntyre and Dr. Ross McKitrick on the Mann Hockey-Stick Curve, Energy & Environment, 2003

“…that the decade of the 1990′s was likely the hottest decade of the millennium and that 1998 was likely the hottest year of the millennium cannot be supported by their analysis.”    —Dr. Edward Wegman commenting on Mann et al., testimony before the House Energy and Commerce Committee, July 29, 2006

“And then you see right away it may well happen that you enter a decade or maybe even two, when the temperature cools relative to the present level…I’m definitely not one of the skeptics…However, we have to ask the nasty questions ourselves, or some other people will do it.”     —Dr. Mojib Latif on the recent global cooling, Deep Climate, Oct. 2, 2009

“If we cut emissions today, global temperatures are not likely to drop for about a thousand years.”    —Dr. Tim Flannery, The Washington Examiner, Mar. 26, 2011

“When we consider the fate of the planet as a whole, we must be under no illusions as to what is at stake. Earth’s average temperature is around 59°F, and whether we allow it to rise by a single degree or 5°F will decide the fate of hundreds of thousands of species, and most probably billions of people.”     —Dr. Tim Flannery, The Weathermakers: How Man is Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth, 2001, p. 17

“There are ominous signs that the earth’s weather patterns have begun to change dramatically and that these changes may portend a dramatic decline in food production…after three quarters of a century of extraordinarily mild conditions, the earth’s climate appears to be cooling down.”     —”The Cooling World,” Newsweek, Apr. 28, 1979

“…the planet will cool, the water vapor will fall and freeze, and a new Ice Age will be born.”     Newsweek, Jan. 26, 1970

“New Ice Age—It’s Already Getting Colder—’Some midsummer day, perhaps not too far in the future, a hard, killing frost will sweep down on the wheat fields of Saskatchewan, the Dakotas and the Russian steppes…’”     Los Angeles Times, Oct. 24, 1971

“A recent flurry of papers has provided further evidence for the belief that the Earth is cooling. There now seems little doubt that changes over the past few years are more than a minor statistical fluctuation.”     Nature, Mar. 6, 1975

“The existence of the Little Ice Age and the Medieval Warm Period were an embarrassment to the global-warming establishment, because they showed that the current warming is almost indistinguishable from previous warming and coolings that had nothing to do with burning fossil fuel. The organization charged with producing scientific support for the climate change crusade, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), finally found a solution. They rewrote the climate history of the past 1000 years with the celebrated ‘hockey stick’ temperature record.”     —Dr. William Happer, First Things, May 21, 2011

“Few scientists now dispute that today’s soaring levels of carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere will cause global temperature averages to rise by as much as nine degrees Fahrenheit sometime after the year 2000.”     —Dr. Carl Sagan, The Vindicator, Dec. 12, 1985

“It is impossible to talk about a single temperature for something as complicated as the climate of Earth. A temperature can be defined only for a homogeneous system. Furthermore, the climate is not governed by a single temperature. Rather, differences drive the processes and create the storms, sea currents, thunder, etc. which make up the climate.”     —Dr. Bjarne Andresen, Science Daily, Mar. 18, 2007

“We have discovered that the warming in New Zealand over the past 156 years was indeed man-made, but it had nothing to do with emissions of CO2—it was created by man-made adjustments of the temperature.”     —New Zealand Climate Science Coalition web site, Nov. 25, 2009

“…the Climate Research Unit of the University of East Anglia apparently cherry-picked Russian climate data.”     —Andrei Illarionov, President of the Moscow Institute of Economic Analysis, Dec. 17, 2009

“These factors all lead to significant uncertainty and a tendency for overestimation of century-scale temperature trends. A conclusion from all findings suggest that global data bases are seriously flawed and can no longer be trusted to assess climate trends or rankings or validate model forecasts. And consequently, such surface data should be ignored for decision making.”     —Anthony Watts and Joseph D’Aleo, Science and Public Policy Institute, Aug. 27, 2010

United Nations

“…to achieve…stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.”     —United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, 1992

“To achieve sustainable development and a higher quality of life for all people, States should reduce and eliminate unsustainable patterns of production and consumption and promote appropriate policies, including population-related policies, in order to meet the need of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”     —United Nations International Conference on Population and Development, 1994

“These Western lifestyles of consumerism are spreading all around the world through products and services, media and trade policies. Western type restaurants and coffee shops are as common on the streets of Beijing, as international brands of clothing and other products—Goods and services previously seen as luxuries—TVs, mobile phones and cars—have now become necessities…However, the price is paid in the form of degradation of many ecosystem services and the exacerbation of inequities and disparities between people.”     —United Nations Environmental Programme website, 2010

“…the Kyoto Protocol…the first component of an authentic global governance…”     —Jacques Chirac, President of France, speech to the Sixth Conference of the Parties, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Nov. 20, 2000

“Climate change…is the fundamental threat to humankind…If we fail to act, climate change will intensify droughts, floods and other natural disasters. Water shortages will affect hundreds of millions of people. Malnutrition will engulf large parts of the developing world. Tensions will worsen. Social unrest—even violence—could follow. The damage to national economies will be enormous. The human suffering will be incalculable…We have just four months. Four months to secure the future of our planet.”     —Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary General, prior to the 2009 climate conference in Copenhagen, UN News Centre, Aug. 11, 2009

“…adopt national policies and take corresponding measures on the mitigation of climate change, by limiting…emissions of greenhouse gases.”     —Framework Convention on Climate Change, signed by 41 nations and the European Community at the Rio Earth Summit, 1992

“Climate change is also showing us that the old model is more than obsolete. It has rendered it extremely dangerous. Over time, that model is a recipe for national disaster. It is a global suicide pact…it may sound strange to speak of revolution. But that is what we need at this time.”   —Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary General, speech at the World Economic Forum, Jan. 28, 2011

“The concept of national sovereignty has been an immutable, indeed sacred, principle of international relations. It is a principle which will yield only slowly and reluctantly to the new imperatives of global environmental cooperation. It is simply not feasible for sovereignty to be exercised unilaterally by individual nation states, however powerful. The global community must be assured of environmental security.”     —Maurice Strong, Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme, 1992 Earth Summit

“Asia-Pacific countries must undergo structural adjustment to make key policy changes needed to switch their development mode…Most member countries have followed the industrial model of developed countries, which is the root cause of climate change. This traditional industrial development model results in an unsustainable energy consumption pattern.”     —United Nations report, December, 2010

“Fifty Million Climate Refugees by 2010″     —United Nations Environment Programme web site, 2005 (now erased from site)

Weather, Droughts & Floods

“Climate is what you expect, weather is what you get.”     —Mark Twain, US author

“Trend analyses for extreme tropical cyclones are unreliable because of operational changes that have artificially resulted in more intense tropical cyclones being recorded, casting severe doubts on any such trend linkages to global warming.”     —Dr. Christopher Landsea et al., Science, July 28, 2006

“To my knowledge, not a single scientist at the Hurricane Research Division, the National Hurricane Center, or the Joint Typhoon Warning Center believes…that there is any measurable impact on hurricane numbers or activity from global warming.” —Dr. Stanley Goldenberg, presentation at the International Conference on Climate Change, Mar. 9, 2009

“You’d see more floods like you’ve seen in Mozambique in 2000, you’d see more droughts like you saw in Kenya in the late 1990s, there would be a serious threat to the water flow down the Nile on which 10 countries depend.”     —Sir Nicholas Stern, Independent Online, Apr. 10, 2007

“…2009 saw the eighth ‘ten-year flood’ of Fargo, North Dakota, since 1989. In Iowa, Cedar Rapids was hit last year by a flood that exceeded the 500-year flood plain. All-time flood records are being broken in areas throughout the world.”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, testimony before the House Energy and Environment Subcommittee of the House of Representatives, Apr. 24, 2009

“As it turns out, the scientific community has been addressing this particular question for some time now and they say that increased heavy snowfalls are completely consistent with what they have been predicting as a consequence of man-made global warming.”     —Al Gore, former US Vice President, Al Journal, Feb. 1, 2011

“What’s disconcerting about this record is that it suggests that the most recent drought was relatively minor in the context of the West African drought history…You have droughts that last 30 to 60 years, and then some that last four times as long.”     —Dr. Timothy Shanahan et al., Science, Apr. 17, 2009

“Blizzard Dumps Snow on Copenhagen as Leaders Battle Warming—’World leaders flying into Copenhagen today to discuss a solution to global warming will first face freezing weather as a blizzard dumped 10 centimeters (4 inches) of snow on the Danish capital overnight…Denmark…hasn’t had a white Christmas for 14 years…and only had seven last century.”     Bloomberg, Dec. 17, 2009

“Never has good weather felt so bad. Never have flowers inspired so much fear. Never has the warm caress of a sunbeam seemed so ominous. The weather is sublime, it’s glorious, it’s the end of the world.”     —Joel Achenbach, Washington Post, Jan. 7, 2007

“I’m leaving because the weather is too good. I hate London when it’s not raining.”     —Groucho Marx, comedian

“Irene’s got a middle name, and it’s Global Warming.”     —Bill McKibben, Daily Beast, Aug. 25, 2011

“Remember…this year has already seen more billion-dollar weather-related disasters than any year in US history. Last year was the warmest ever recorded on planet Earth. Arctic sea ice is near all-time record lows. Record floods from Pakistan to Queensland to the Mississippi basin; record drought from the steppes of Russia to the plains of Texas…This is what climate change looks like in its early stages.”     —Bill McKibben, Daily Beast, Aug. 25, 2011

“Weather Panic! This is the New Normal (and We’re Hopelessly Unprepared)”     —Sharon Begley, Newsweek cover story, June 6, 2011

“Heavy rains, deep snowfalls, monster floods and killing droughts are sign of a ‘new normal’ of extreme US weather events fueled by climate change, scientists and government planners said on Wednesday.”     Reuters, May 18, 2011

“It’s a new normal and I really do think that global weirding is the best way to describe what we’re seeing.”     —Dr. Katharine Hayhoe, Reuters, May 18, 2011

Protecting dozens of major coastal cities from future flooding will be challenging enough—rebuilding major coastal cities destroyed by super-hurricanes will be an almost impossible task.”     —Joseph Romm, Hell and High Water: Global Warming—the Solution and the Politics—and What We Should Do, 2007, p. 90

“…rising levels of CO2 can have little or no significant influence on tropical cyclone frequency and intensity.”     —Dr. William Gray, Science and Public Policy Institute, Oct. 11, 2011

“It is well known that strong to violent tornado activity in the US has decreased markedly since statistics began in the 1950s, which has also been a period of average warming. So, if anything, global warming causes FEWER tornado outbreaks…not more. In other words, more violent tornados would, if anything, be a sign of ‘global cooling,’ not ‘global warming.’”     —Dr. Roy Spencer web site, April 29, 2011

“According to any textbook on dynamic meteorology, one may reasonably conclude that in a warmer world, extratropical storminess and weather variability will actually decrease.”     —Dr. Richard Lindzen, “Understanding Common Climate Claims,” 2005

“One of the robust findings of the report is that snow cover in most continental areas will dramatically decrease unless warming is stopped…Large areas are expected to become snow free.”     —Dr. David Archer and Dr. Steven Ramsdorf on the IPCC 4AR, The Climate Crisis: An Introductory Guide to Climate Change, 2010, p. 147

“Children just aren’t going to know what snow is.”     —Dr. David Viner, Climatic Research Unit, The Independent, Mar. 20, 2000

“Snow-capped Snowdon has been an iconic Welsh image for centuries. It is shocking to think that in just 14 years, snow on this great mountain could become nothing but a permanent and distant memory.”     —Lembit Opik, Wales Minister of Parliament, The Independent, Jan. 18, 2007

“…snow pack has decreased and been observed to melt earlier in the calendar year…the observed changes in the hydrological components…can be explained well by anthropogenic forcing (green house gases and aerosols) alone.”     —Dr. Tim Barnett et al. on the western US snow pack, Waterwired, Jan. 4, 2008

“Despite the cold winter this year, the trend to milder and wetter winters is expected to continue, with snow and frost becoming less of a feature in the future.”     —Dr. Peter Stott, UK Meteorological Office, First Post, Feb. 2, 2010

“…the chance of a severe winter in 2010/2011 is no greater (or less) than the current general probability of 1 in 20. The effect of climate change is to gradually but steadily reduce the probability of severe winters in the UK.”     —UK Meteorological Office, Local Transport Today, Jan. 15, 2011

“Even though this is quite a cold winter by recent standards, it is still perfectly consistent with predictions for global warming. As for snowfall, that could actually increase in the short term because of global warming.”     —Dr. Myles Allen, Telegraph, Feb. 3, 2009

“In December 2009 and February 2010, several American East coast cities experienced back-to-back record-breaking snowfalls. These events were popularly dubbed “Snowmageddon” and “Snowpocalypse.” Such events are consistent with the effects of global warming, which is expected to cause more heavy precipitation because of a greater amount of water vapor in the atmosphere.”     —Dr. Daniel Huber and Dr. Jay Gulledge, Pew Center on Global Climate Change web site, June, 2011

“Is the divine presence a Republican? Or is He/She/It running an inter-galactic fossil fuel conglomerate?…whatever the explanation may be, the Paraclete appears to be as determined as any terrestrial corporate frontman to prevent a successful conclusion to the climate talks. How I know? Because every time anyone gets together to try to prevent global climate breakdown, He swaths the rich, densely habited parts of the world with snow and ice, while leaving obscurer places to cook.”     —George Monbiot, Guardian, Dec. 2, 2010

“The most active period of the witchcraft trials coincides with a period of lower than average temperature known to climatologists as the “little ice age”…In a time period when the reasons for changes in weather were largely a mystery, people would have searched for a scapegoat in the face of deadly changes in weather patterns. ‘Witches’ became target for blame because there was an existing cultural framework that both allowed their persecution and suggested that they could control the weather.”     —Dr. Emily Oster, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Winter, 2004

“Out With A Shiver; Global Warming Protest Frozen Out by Massive Snowfall—’Global warming activists stormed Washington Monday for what was billed as the nation’s largest act of civil disobedience to fight climate change—only to see the nation’s capital virtually shut down by a major winter storm.’”     FOX News, Mar. 2, 2009

“Gore Decries ‘Global Warming’ in Bitterly Cold NYC—’With a near-record low temperature and single-digit wind chill in New York City, former Vice President Al Gore took to the podium in Manhattan’s Beacon Theater today to blast President Bush for contributing to global warming.’”     World Net Daily, Jan. 15, 2004

“Snow Blankets London for Global Warming Debate—’Snow fell as the House of Commons debated Global Warming yesterday—the first October fall in the metropolis since 1922.’”     The Register, Oct. 29, 2008

Miscellaneous Great Quotes

“Nature never deceives us; it is always we who deceive ourselves.”     —Jean Jacques Rousseau (1762)

“Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.”     —Dr. Carl Sagan, Cosmos, episode 12, PBS, Dec. 14, 1980

“All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full.”     —Ecclesiastes 1:7, The Bible

“We need a proper understanding of the past to correctly judge the present if we ever are to foretell the future.”    —Dr. Craig Idso, CO2Science website, 2001

“Truth is like the sun. You can shut it out for a time but it ain’t goin’ away.”     —Elvis Presley

“The whole aim of practical politics is to keep the populace alarmed—and hence clamorous to be led to safety—by menacing it with an endless series of hobgoblins, all of them imaginary.”     —Henry Lewis Mencken, American journalist

“For every complex problem there’s a simple answer—that’s wrong!”     —Henry Louis Mencken, American journalist

“The truth is found when men are free to pursue it.”     —Franklin Delano Roosevelt, former US President, 1936

“The greatest evils which stalk our Earth are ignorance and oppression, and not science, technology, and industry, whose instruments, when adequately managed, are indispensable tools of a future shaped by humanity, by itself and for itself, overcoming major problems like over population, starvation and worldwide diseases.”     —The Heidelberg Appeal, 4,000 signatories, Science and Public Policy Institute website

“Nothing is more terrible than ignorance in action.”     —Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

“The people never give up their liberties but under some delusion.”     —Edmund Burke, Irish statesman, 1784

“Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passions, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.”     —John Adams, former US president, 1770

“Of all tyrannies, a tyranny sincerely exercised for the good of its victims may be the most oppressive…those who torment us for our own good will torment us without end for they do so with the approval of their own conscience.”     —C. S. Lewis, UK author

“Never give in, never give in—never, never, never, in nothing great or small, large or petty, never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense.”    —Winston Churchill, former UK Prime Minister”An appeaser is one who feeds the crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.”     —Winston Churchill, former UK Prime Minister

“However beautiful the strategy, you should occasionally look at the results.”     —Winston Churchill, former UK prime minister

“I am willing to love all of mankind, except an American.”     —Samuel Johnson, English author, 1778

“Truth, crushed to earth, shall rise again.”     —William Cullen Bryant, American journalist, 1839

“It doesn’t matter how beautiful your theory is, it doesn’t matter how smart you are. If it doesn’t agree with experiment, it’s wrong.”     —Dr. Richard Feynman

“How many legs does a dog have if you call the tail a leg? Four. Calling a tail a leg doesn’t make it a leg.”     —Abraham Lincoln, former US President

“Give us the child for eight years and it will be a Bolshevik forever.”     —Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, co-founder of the Soviet Union

“If we torture the data long enough, it will confess.”     —Dr. Ronald Coase

“No amount of experimentation can ever prove me right; a single experiment can prove me wrong.”     —Albert Einstein

“It is difficult to get a man to understand something when his salary depends upon his not understanding it.”     —Upton Sinclair, US journalist

“It is error alone which needs the support of government. Truth can stand by itself.”     —Thomas Jefferson, former US president

“Sometimes the very learned and clever can be brilliantly foolish, especially when seized by an apparently good cause.”     —George Pell, Cardinal of Australia, presentation to the Global Warming Policy Foundation, Oct. 26, 2011

“It ain’t what you don’t know that gets you into trouble. It’s what you know for sure that just ain’t so.”     —Mark Twain, US author